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Operating - Machine


Daily Operating Checklist

o Test safety systems.

o Check brake pedal operation, adjust if necessary

o Check and adjust tire pressure.

o Check fuel level.

o Check and adjust coolant level.

o Check and adjust engine oil level.

o Check and adjust hydraulic oil level.

o Clean intake screen.

o Remove grass and debris from machine.

o Remove grass and debris from engine compartment and muffler area, before and after operating machine.

o Check hoses.

o Check around hose fittings for leaks.

o Check air restriction Indicator.

o Check speed control.

o Reel Cutting Units:

o Check reels and bed knives for sharpness and nicks.

o Check reel-to-bedknife settings.

o Rotary Cutting Units:

o Check blades for sharpness and nicks.

o Check and adjust blade bolt torque.

o Check cutting height.

o Grease (after washing):

o Front and rear rollers (20 places) (2500M and 22 ESP).

o Rear rollers (10 places) (rotary)

o Reels on cutting units (10 places).

o Optional rear roller power brush (10 places)

o Optional FTC (10 places)

Avoid Damage to Plastic and Painted Surfaces

• Do not wipe plastic parts unless rinsed first.

• Insect repellent spray may damage plastic and painted surfaces. Do not spray insect repellent near machine.

• Be careful not to spill fuel on machine. Fuel may damage surface. Wipe up spilled fuel immediately.

• Prolonged exposure to sunlight will damage the hood surface.

Control Arm Controls


MX20824


MX18576

A - High Hydraulic Oil Filter Pressure Indicator

B - Headlight Switch

C - Indicator Light Module

D - Four-Wheel Drive Traction Switch (Optional)

E - Cruise Switch (Optional)

F - Hour Meter

G - Throttle Lever

H - Mow-Transport Lever

I - Lift/Lower Lever

J - Air Preheat Indicator

K - Key Switch

Steering Column and Foot Controls


MX18578

A - Park Brake Knob

B - Park Brake Pedal

C - Forward Drive Pedal

D - Reverse Drive Pedal


MX18577

A - Steering Column Tilt Control

B - Right Turn-Brake Pedal (3245C)

C - Left Turn-Brake Pedal (3245C)

Miscellaneous Controls


MX18581

Picture Note: Reel knobs are located under the left fender.

A - Reel Forward/Reverse Knob (3225C and 3235C)

B - Reel Speed Control (3225C and 3235C)


MX18625

A - Fuel Fill Cap

Electronic Control Module


MC20177

This machine is equipped with an electronic control module (A). The module controls and monitors all safety interlock functions and the engine air pre-heater function.

Safety Interlock Diagnostic Codes

The Sit On Seat (SOS) diagnostic feature alerts the operator when an attempt is made to start the machine when one or more safety interlock switches are not in the correct position for starting.

The following diagnostic codes are displayed by the flashing of the status LED on the electronic control module and the air pre heater lamp on the control arm.

NOTE: The code will cycle continuously with a two-second pause between display cycles.

Only one code can be displayed at a time. Repeat check procedure after repairs have been completed.

Code 1-2 (One pulse followed by a short pause followed by two pulses.) Indicates that the brake switch is not activated and/or forward/reverse pedals are not in he NEUTRAL position during an attempted start.
Code 1-3 (One pulse followed by a short pause followed by three pulses.) Indicates that the Mow / Transport lever is in the MOW position during an attempted start.
Code 2-2 (Two pulses followed by a short pause followed by two pulses.) Indicates hydraulic oil is in an over-temperature condition.

If any codes are flashing other then the ones described above, see your John Deere dealer.

Testing Safety Systems



c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

The safety systems installed on your machine should be checked before each machine use. Be sure you have read the machine operator manual and are completely familiar with the operation of the machine before performing these safety system checks.

Use the following checkout procedures to check for normal operation of machine.

If there is a malfunction during one of these procedures, do not operate machine. See your authorized dealer for service.

Perform these tests in a clear open area. Keep bystanders away.

Testing Neutral Safety System - Starting Engine

Testing Seat Switch - Operator ON Seat

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal, or lock park brake.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Move the mow-transport lever to the transport position.

5. Turn key switch to start position.

Result: Starter should crank engine. If not, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Seat Switch - Operator OFF Seat

1. Operator not on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal and lock park brake.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Move the mow-transport lever to the transport position.

5. Turn key switch to start position.

Result: Starter should crank engine. If not, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Brake Switch

1. Sit on seat.

2. Unlock park brake and release park brake pedal.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Move the mow-transport lever to the transport position.

5. Turn key switch to start position.

Result: Starter should not crank engine. If starter cranks engine, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Forward Hydrostatic Pedal

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal and lock park brake.

3. Move the mow-transport lever to the transport position.

4. Press down on forward hydrostatic pedal approximately 15 mm (0.6 in.).

5. Turn key switch to start position.

Result: Starter should not crank engine. If starter cranks engine, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Reverse Hydrostatic Pedal

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal and lock park brake.

3. Move the mow-transport lever to the transport position.

4. Press down on reverse hydrostatic pedal approximately 15 mm (0.6 in.).

5. Turn key switch to start position.

Result: Starter should not crank engine. If starter cranks engine, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Mow-Transport lever

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal, or lock park brake.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Move the mow-transport lever up into the mow position.

5. Turn key to start position.

Result: Starter should not crank engine. If starter cranks engine, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Neutral Safety System - Engine Running

Testing Seat Switch

Test #1

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal and lock park brake.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Pull the mow-transport lever switch down into the off position.

5. Start engine.

6. Rise up off seat, but do not get off machine.

Result: Engine should continue to run. If engine stops, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.
Test #2

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal and lock park brake.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Move the mow-transport lever to the transport position.

5. Start engine.

6. Unlock park brake and release park brake pedal.

7. Rise up off seat, but do not get off machine.

Result: Engine must stop within 2 seconds. If engine does not stop within 2 seconds, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.
Test #3

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal and lock park brake.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Move the mow-transport lever to the transport position.

5. Start engine.

6. Lower cutting units to ground.

7. Move the mow-transport lever to the mow position.

8. Rise up off seat, but do not get off machine.

Result: Engine must stop within 2 seconds. If engine does not stop within 2 seconds, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Brake Switch

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal and lock park brake.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Move the mow-transport lever to transport position.

5. Start engine.

6. Unlock park brake and release park brake pedal.

7. Move mow-transport lever to the mow position.

8. Lower cutting units to ground. Cutting units should begin to rotate.

9. Press down on the brake pedal.

Result: The cutting units should stop and remain stopped. If cutting units do not stop, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Forward Hydrostatic Pedal

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal and lock park brake.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Move the mow-transport lever to the mow position.

5. Start engine.

6. Push down on forward hydrostatic pedal approximately 15 mm (0.6 in.).

Result: Engine must stop. If engine does not stop, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Reverse Hydrostatic Pedal

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal and lock park brake.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Move the mow-transport lever to the transport position.

5. Start engine.

6. Push down on reverse hydrostatic pedal approximately 15 mm (0.6 in.).

Result: Engine must stop. If engine does not stop, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Mow-Transport Lever

1. Sit on seat.

2. Depress park brake pedal and lock park brake.

3. Make sure hydrostatic forward and reverse pedals are in neutral position.

4. Move mow-transport lever to transport position.

5. Start engine.

NOTE: Park brake must be released before cutting units will rotate.

6. Release park brake pedal.

7. Lower cutting units to ground. Cutting units should not rotate.

8. Move mow-transport lever to mow position. Cutting units should not rotate.

9. Raise the cutting units fully and then lower them to the ground.

Results: Cutting units should begin to rotate. If cutting units do not rotate, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Using Seat Belt

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Always wear seat belt when operating machine with a non-folding Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS). Do not jump from machine if machine tips.


MX21379

1. Sit in seat.

2. Pull out seat belt buckle (A) and stretch across your lap in one nonstop motion.

3. Insert seat belt buckle into latch (B) until it locks.

4. To release seat belt, press red button (C) until buckle comes out of latch.

Using Fuel Shut-off Valve

Close valve when performing engine service, during machine transport, and during storage.

1. Raise hood.


MX18617

Picture Note: Fuel shut-off shown in the closed position

2. Open or close fuel shut-off valve (A) as required.

• Open valve: Rotate valve lever to vertical position.

• Close valve: Rotate valve lever to horizontal position.

Using Park Brake

NOTE: The park brake can be used to stop the machine in an emergency. Cutting units cannot engage with park brake pedal depressed.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Always lock park brake before getting off mower.

To Lock the Park Brake


MX18578

• Lift up on knob (A).

• Push pedal (B) down. Pedal will stay down.

To Unlock the Park Brake

• Push and hold pedal (B) down.

• Push down on knob (A).

• Release pedal.

Using Turn-Brake Pedals (3245C)


MX18577

The turn-brakes are used in conjunction with the steering wheel to change direction quickly within the width of the machine. Avoid locking the tire with turn-brake in areas where turf damage is not acceptable.

1. Depress the right turn-brake pedal (A) to slow or stop the right front wheel, while power is applied to the left wheel. With the steering wheel turned to the right, the machine will make a quicker than normal right turn.

2. Depress the left turn-brake pedal (B) and turn the steering wheel to the left to make a quicker than normal left turn.

Indicator Lights


MIF

NOTE: Warning indicators also have an audible alarm.

Hydraulic Oil Temperature Indicator (A) will come on when key is first turned to ON and should go out after a few seconds. If light comes on while operating machine, stop all hydraulic functions immediately. Let hydraulic oil temperature cool by allowing engine to idle under a no load situation. This keeps the oil flowing through the oil cooler and cools the oil. Check oil level and make sure oil cooler coils are clean. Continued operation may cause higher temperatures, resulting in damage.
Engine Oil Pressure Indicator (B) will come on when key is first turned to RUN and should go out when engine starts. If light remains on or comes on while operating machine, stop engine immediately and perform appropriate service.
Battery Discharge Indicator (C) will come on when key is first turned to RUN and should go out when engine starts. If indicator comes on while operating machine, perform appropriate service.
Engine Coolant Temperature Indicator (D) will come on when key is first turned to ON and should go out after a few seconds. If light comes on while operating machine, pull over to side of fairway and let engine idle for several minutes to cool down. Perform necessary service to machine before operating.
Air Preheat Indicator is an amber light located behind the key switch. When the key switch is turned to the RUN position, the indicator will illuminate for about 15 seconds and then go out.
Hydraulic Oil Pressure Indicator is a red light located behind the key switch. It will come on when key is first turned to ON and should go out after a few seconds. If light comes on, hydraulic filter is restricted. Replace hydraulic filter.

Safety Interlock System

Starting Engine

For the starter to engage, the following conditions must be met simultaneously:

• Mow-transport lever must be in the transport position.

• Hydrostatic drive pedals in neutral.

• Operator on seat and/or park brake locked.

Engine Running

For the engine to continue to run, the following conditions must be met:

• If the operator is mowing (mow-transport lever in the mow position) and the operator leaves the seat, the engine will stop.

• If the operator stops mowing, moves the mow-transport lever to the transport position and leaves the seat with drive pedals in neutral, but without the park brake locked, the engine will stop.

• If the operator attempts to drive forward or backward while the park brake is locked, the engine will stop.

Cutting Unit Operation

NOTE: Provision has been made to allow a trained operator to backlap the reels from the ground with the engine running and the cutting units in motion. (See SERVICE CUTTING UNITS section for procedure.)

If mow-transport lever is in the mow position, depressing park brake will shut cutting units off. Cutting units will not rotate with the park brake depressed.

Starting the Engine

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Run engine at half-speed for 2 or 3 minutes to warm hydraulic oil before using cutting units.

Avoid unnecessary idling.

Keep grille and screens clean. The engine needs a large volume of air to keep cool.


1. Lock park brake.

2. Put all operating controls in neutral.

3. Move mow-transport lever to the transport position.

4. Set throttle to 1/4 throttle.

5. Turn key to on position.

• Battery discharge and low oil pressure indicator lights must light.

6. Turn key to start position to start engine.

7. Release key to the on position when the engine starts.

• All indicator lights should go out.

• If any stay on, stop the engine immediately. Diagnose and correct the problem before starting engine.

8. Check that safety interlock system steps are being followed, if engine does not start.

Stopping Engine

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! If equipped with turbocharger, run engine at slow idle for 2 minutes to allow turbocharger to cool down before stopping engine.

Failure to remove grass and debris from engine and muffler areas of the machine can result in fires. Grass and debris can collect in the engine compartment and around the muffler while mowing. When mowing is completed, clean the engine compartment and around the muffler of all grass and debris.



MX20824

1. Move throttle lever (A) back to slow idle position. Let engine idle momentarily before stopping.

2. Move mow-transport lever (B) to mow position and lower cutting units to ground.

3. Lock park brake.

4. Turn key to off position.

5. Remove key.

Adjusting Mow and Transport Speeds

Adjusting Mow Speed (3225C, 3235C and 3245C)


MX20812

1. Push mow-transport lever forward to mow position.

2. Loosen jam nut (A).

3. Adjust stop dimension.

• Decrease dimension (B) for increased mowing speed.

• Increase dimension (B) for decreased mowing speed.

Adjusting Transport Speed (3225C)

MX18931

Transport speed may be adjusted by placing linkage assembly (A) in hole (B) to increase speed or hole (C) to decrease speed.

Adjusting Transport Speed (3235C and 3245C)


MX18933a

1. Remove bolt (D) and nut (E).

2. Line up rod end (F) with desired hole in plate (G).

3. Install bolt (D) and nut (E).

Using Mow-Transport Lever


MX20824

1. Pull the raise-lower lever (A) rearward to raise cutting units.

2. Push the mow-transport lever (B) forward to the mow position (forward until lever stops).

3. Push the raise-lower lever forward to lower cutting units.

• Cutting blades will begin to rotate as the cutting units are lowered.

4. Pull raise-lower lever rearward to raise cutting units.

• Cutting blades will stop rotating as the cutting units are raised.

5. Move the mow-transport lever to the transport position (rearward until the lever stops) to disengage reel drive for cutting units.

Using Lift-Lower Lever

NOTE: Rear cutting units are time-delayed to lower to ground and rise after front cutting units.

Mow-Transport lever in the mow position (forward):


MX20824

• Momentarily move lift-lower lever (A) forward. Cutting units will lower and cutting blades will automatically begin to rotate.

• Momentarily move lever rearward. Cutting units will raise to cross cut position and cutting blades will stop rotating.

Mow-Transport Lever down to transport position:

• Hold lift-lower lever in rearward position to raise cutting units for transport.

Using Four-Wheel Drive Traction Unit (Optional)

NOTE: Ground speed will decrease when 4WD is turned on.

The four-wheel drive system is automatically turned on with the mow-transport lever in the mow position. Moving the mow-transport lever to the transport position will disengage the 4WD. Four-wheel drive can be turned on with the mow-transport lever in the mow position by using the four-wheel drive traction switch. Four-wheel drive is not activated in reverse with the mow-transport lever in either the mow or transport position.


MX20824

1. Push rocker switch (A) forward to turn 4WD ON.

2. Push rocker switch rearward to turn 4WD OFF.

Using Cruise Control (Optional)

Engaging Cruise Control


MX20824

1. Push the forward travel pedal down until the machine has reached the desired travel speed.

2. Push the cruise control switch (A) fully forward, then release. Allow switch to spring back to the centered position.

3. Remove foot pressure from forward travel pedal. Machine should continue to run at desired speed.

Disengaging Cruise Control

To disengage the cruise control, do one of the following:

• Push down on the park brake pedal.

• Push the cruise control rocker switch rearward.

Using Hydrostatic Transmission

NOTE: Removing foot from forward or reverse control pedal will act as a brake for the machine. Top mowing speed and transport speed for all models can be regulated by the mow speed adjustment.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Run engine at full throttle for best performance.


1. Unlock park brake.

2. Move throttle lever all the way forward to FAST IDLE position.


MX18578

3. To travel forward, slowly push hydrostatic control forward pedal (A) down. The farther the pedal is pushed down, the faster the mower will travel.

Forward speeds are:

3225C

• Mowing - 0-11.2 km/h (0-7 mph)

• Transport - 0-17.7 km/h (0-11 mph)

3235C/3245C

• Mowing - 0-11.2 km/h (0-7.0 mph)

• Transport - 0-20 km/h (0-12.5 mph)

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Always look behind you before backing up.

4. To travel in reverse, slowly push reverse pedal (B) down. The farther the pedal is pushed down the faster the mower will travel.

• Reverse travel speed is 0-8.0 km/h (0-5.0 mph).

Transporting Mower on Trailer

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Transporting a machine on a trailer or on a truck bed at high speeds can result in hood or engine cover raising and possibly coming off machine if not secured.

• Position machine on trailer so hood or engine cover opens from rear of trailer to prevent wind from blowing hood or cover open.

• Secure hood or engine cover with existing machine locks or latches.

• Secure hood or engine cover with tie down straps if no locks or latches exist.


NOTE: Trailer must have signs and lights required by local, state, provincial, or federal laws.

1. Back machine onto trailer.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or truck.

Close fuel shut-off valve, if your machine is equipped.

2. Park machine safely. (See Parking Safely in the SAFETY section.)

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! All cutting units must be lowered onto the trailer to prevent damage to the mower.


3. Lower cutting units.


MX18548

4. Pull pin and release spring to detach the two front outside cutting units from the mower. Place cutting units in position (A) and strap securely to the trailer.

5. Use welded loops in front and lower section of tubular bumper in back, for anchoring locations for chains, cables or straps.


MX18548 MX18549

• There are two front welded loops (B),


MX18598

• Tubular bumper, lower section (C) in rear provides for anchoring.

6. Install the straps, chains, or cables through this anchor point and secure to the trailer.

7. Securely latch the mower hood.

Driving Mower to Work Site

NOTE: When driving mower a long distance, use lift locks to support front cutting units.


MX18864

1. Raise front cutting units completely.

2. Engage lock arm (A) into welded loop (B) on each side.

Pushing Fairway Mower

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Do not tow machine behind another vehicle. Do not push a long distance. Transport mower on a trailer.



M57566, M18599

Picture Note: Top photo shows transmission unlock pin (A) on Model 3225C. Bottom photo shows Model 3235C/3245C.

To Move the Mower when Engine Is Not Running

1. Raise operator seat to service position.


M57585

2. Turn pin to vertical position (B) to disconnect transmission.

3. Unlock park brake.

4. Push or pull mower to desired location.

5. Turn pin to horizontal position (C) before starting engine.