From the 27hp Waterloo Boy, the first tractor built and marketed by John Deere, to an all-round champion 670hp machine, all in 100 years. Staying true to our core values of integrity, quality, commitment and innovation, we will take decisive steps to shape our future. We’re working full throttle so that we can continue to offer first-rate solutions to our customers around the world during the next 100 years. Because our passion lies in all things towing, tilling, ploughing and growing.
From the Waterloo Boy to the John Deere 6250R: 36 major models and series from the last 100 years.
Entering the world of tractor production: the acquisition of the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company marks the beginning of an era for John Deere.
The birth of the "Bulldog". Dr. Fritz Huber presents the first Lanz farm tractor at the DLG exhibition in Leipzig. The Bulldog becomes a pioneer of motorized agriculture and a synonym for tractor.
The Model D proves to be a top seller, and was manufactured for 30 years with great success. This gives it the longest production run of any John Deere tractor to this day.
Forefather of the 9R Series. The Lanz Bulldog HP is the world’s first mass-produced tractor with articulated steering and all-wheel drive.
The legendary 10-litre hot bulb engine makes its debut. This Bulldog model also represents a breakthrough in manufacturing technology: it is the first vehicle in Germany to be produced on an assembly line.
The Lanz Bulldog Express: primarily designed to meet farmers’ transport needs, this vehicle also enjoys great popularity with hauliers and fairground workers. Closely resembling a car, the Bulldog Express’ design is to have a significant impact on subsequent generations of tractors.
Moving successfully into the compact class with the development of the Model L, John Deere brings the needs of smaller farms into focus, making this tractor an early forerunner of today’s 5 Series. As a new feature, the Model L boasts an upright inline engine rather than a horizontal one.
The first tractor to be created by an industrial designer. A simpler version of the Styled Model A is produced from as early as 1934, equipped with an adjustable axle and a hitch. American farmers nickname it the “Johnny Popper” because of the distinctive sound made by its engine.
From a new factory comes a new series. In Dubuque, Iowa, John Deere introduces the M Model. With the Touch-O-Matic, the "M" series is John Deere's first to have a standard hydraulic system. Optionally from 1949 this tractor could be ordered as a crawler vehicle.
The diesel engine arrives at John Deere, and is powered by a small petrol engine which is started with an electric motor. As part of the Marshall Plan, some of these machines make their way to Europe in the early 1950s.
Finally green with yellow stripes. The two tone-paint, with the to this day characteristic yellow stripes on the hood, is not the only new thing. The innovative custom Powr-Trol hydraulics allow for exact positioning and draft resistance control.
The beginning of a new era. In 1956, during the acquisition of Heinrich Lanz AG by Deere & Co, Lanz presented the lastest development in the long tradition of single-cylinder two-stroke engines.
The last series with the legendary two-cylinder engine from Waterloo. Newly shaped mudguards protect the driver from dirt, dust or contact with the wheels.
The ‘New Generation of Power’ These tractors do not have much more in common with their predecessors than the green colour. Modern, quiet-running inline engines with 4 or 6 cylinders replace the horizontal two-cylinder engine.
Simultaneously, with the discontinuation of the production of two-cylinder engines, the era of the Bulldogs with single-cylinder engines ends in Europe. With the 300 and 500 models, the Mannheim plant manufactures the European versions of the “New Generation”.
The most popular tractor of its time. In the 1960s, the country and rural life is changing. Although old values remain, the professional side of the agricultural business is increasingly coming to the foreground.
In 1963, the Executive Committee of John Deere moves into a new office building. Shortly after the opening, the wife of the then CEO observed a gardener with a red lawn mower- and intervenes! Without further ado, John Deere constructs a lawn tractor.
Europe-wide division of labour. With the models 310, 510 and 710 a new line of models is presented at the John Deere Factory in Mannheim. The all-new diesel engines are supplied by the John Deere factory in Saran, France, which only recently started operating.
The first "Mannheimer" with a six-cylinder engine. With the introduction of the 20 Series in 1967, the LANZ logo finally disappears from the tractors from Mannheim. The John Deere model 3120 meets the growing needs of German agriculture.
The structural changes in North America make it necessary to process even larger areas in a short time. A constant race against the seasons. John Deere's new tractors can be used for large areas.
The new tractors of Generation II: developed in the Waterloo factory, this series wins customers over with features like the Sound-Gard cab, which has been the yardstick for comfort and soundproofing for many years.
Generation II conquers Europe. The new design is also adopted for machines produced in Europe, such as this speciality tractor for vineyard use manufactured in the Getafe factory.
This machine cuts a fine figure, even on difficult terrain. Models 4040S and 4240S feature the new mechanical all-wheel-drive axle with a 13-degree caster angle and the new Sound-Gard 2 cab from Bruchsal.
Reliability meets endurance in the 3640, which is introduced in 1984 and delivers 112 HP. This model is also equipped with the new 16/8 Power Synchron transmission. From 1985, this tractor is available from the factory with a front hitch, providing even greater efficiency at work.
The 50 Series from Mannheim. As the largest tractor with a four-cylinder engine, the 2850 is particularly popular. Among the many improvements are new economical engines with a large range of constant power and increased lifting power.
The Berlin Wall falls. With its large tractors such as the 4955, John Deere not only meets the needs of American farmers, but also provides the right machines for the newly emerging markets as Eastern Europe opens up.
A fundamentally new concept in the tractor industry is introduced with the 6000 Series, from the John Deere factory in Mannheim. The machine’s innovative modular frame design makes it lighter yet more stable, and allows for an almost unlimited number of configuration options.
Pioneering technology: with its 8000 Series, John Deere sets new standards for the large tractor sector.
The very effective frame design introduced in the 6000 Series is adopted for the larger 7000 Series produced in Waterloo. To this day, the 7810 remains one of the most successful and well-known John Deere models.
The tractor becomes a cruiser. For the first time TLS front axle suspension is introduced which not only brings comfort to the ride but also improves traction by up to 8 percent.
Less compression per cm². The innovative track concept introduced in 1997 with the new 8000T Series proves very successful. At the request of customers, the concept is also introduced in higher performance classes.
Bringing economy to a new level. The John Deere factory in Waterloo began manufacturing the 8R Series in 2009. These tractors go on to set new fuel efficiency records in official tests.
The versatile workhorse of the 6R Series, the 6150R quickly becomes a bestseller thanks to its optimal combination of performance and manoeuvrability.
The most powerful machine in its class. To meet its customers’ needs for high efficiency while also keeping soil compaction to a minimum, in 2016 John Deere presented the 9RX Series tractor with articulated steering and four rubber tracks, which delivers up to 670 HP.
This agile and powerful tractor can move mountains. The new 5R introduces optional premium equipment packages to the mid-range, which were previously reserved for much larger models.
A blend of powerful performance and endless versatility: with the 6230R and 6250R, John Deere offers two light but powerful machines that are designed to meet contractors’ demanding transport needs. They are also equipped with the innovative new CommandPRO joystick.
(based on maximum spec values in each case):
Engine performance in HP/kW
Number of cylinders
Maximum speed in km/h
Engine size in litres
Number of forward/
Great pleasure in collecting for young and old! 100 years of John Deere tractors – history, numbers, data and facts. Get yourself an exclusive starter kit, consisting of the official John Deere scrapbook, a brochure and playing cards.