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Operating


Daily Operating Checklist

o Test safety systems.

o Check tire pressure.

o Check fuel level.

o Check engine, transmission, and hydraulic oil levels.

o Remove grass and debris from engine compartment and muffler area, before and after operating machine.

o Clean air intake screen.

o Check area below machine for leaks.

o Check air restriction indicator.

o Check engine coolant level.

Avoid Damage to Plastic and Painted Surfaces

• Do not wipe plastic parts unless rinsed first.

• Insect repellent spray may damage plastic and painted surfaces. Do not spray insect repellent near machine.

• Be careful not to spill fuel on machine. Fuel may damage surface. Wipe up spilled fuel immediately.

Operator Station Controls


MX22734

A - Left Mower Deck Lift Lever

B - Front Mower Deck Lift Lever

C - Right Mower Deck Lift Lever

D - PTO Switch

E - Throttle Lever

F - Speed Range Lever

G - Hour Meter

H - Four Wheel Drive Lever


MX18578

A - Park Brake Knob

B - Park Brake Pedal

C - Forward Drive Pedal

D - Reverse Drive Pedal


MX18577

A - Left Turn Brake Pedal

B - Right Turn Brake Pedal

C - Steering Column Tilt Lock


MX5286

A - Lumbar Support Adjustment

B - Backrest Tilt Lever

C - Seat Spring Adjustment Knob

D - Seat Height Adjustment Knob

E - Seat Belt

F - Seat Adjustment Lever


MX13887

A - Seat Platform Release Knob

B - Differential Lock

Miscellaneous Controls


MX22705

A - Fuel Shutoff Valve

B - Water Separator

Instrument Panel


MIF

A - Battery Discharge Lamp

B - Engine Manifold Heater Lamp

C - Engine Oil Pressure Lamp

D - Engine Coolant Temperature Lamp

E - Engine Coolant Temperature Gauge

Testing Safety Systems



c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

The safety systems installed on your machine should be checked before each machine use. Be sure you have read the machine operator manual and are completely familiar with the operation of the machine before performing these safety system checks.

Use the following checkout procedures to check for normal operation of machine.

If there is a malfunction during one of these procedures, do not operate machine. See your authorized dealer for service.

Perform these tests in a clear open area. Keep bystanders away.

Testing PTO Switch

1. Sit on the seat.

2. Lock the park brake.

3. Pull PTO switch up to the on position.

4. Try to start the engine. Engine must not start. If engine starts, there is a problem with your safety interlock circuit.

5. Unlock park brake. Try and start engine. Engine must not start. If engine starts, there is a problem with your safety interlock circuit.

Testing Seat and Park Brake Switch

1. Sit on seat.

2. Push the PTO switch down to the off position.

3. Unlock the park brake.

4. Start the engine.

5. Raise up off of the seat, but do not get off of the machine.

Result:

The engine should stop. If engine does not stop, there is a problem with your safety interlock circuit.

Testing Park Brake

1. Stop the machine on a 17? slope (30% grade). Stop the engine and lock the park brake.

2. Put transmission in N (neutral).

3. Check to be sure the park brake will hold the machine without rolling.

Result:

The park brake must prevent machine from moving. If machine moves, brakes need to be adjusted. See your John Deere Distributor.

Mounting and Dismounting Machine Safely

NOTE: Always mount and dismount from left side of machine to avoid bumping controls and pedals.

1. Place right foot on mower deck and use steering wheel to balance yourself while stepping up onto machine.

2. Use step on lift arm to get up to operator’s platform.

Adjusting Seat

To adjust seat position:

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Never adjust seat while machine is moving. Stop machine before adjusting seat to prevent loss of machine control.


MX5286

1. Pull seat adjustment lever (A) up, out of locked position.

2. Slide seat forward or rearward to desired position.

3. Release lever.

To adjust seat backrest:

1. Pull up backrest tilt lever (B), while moving backrest to most comfortable position. Release lever to lock backrest in place.

2. Turn lumbar support knob (C) rearward to increase lumbar support, or forward to decrease support.

To adjust seat spring tension:

NOTE: Adjustment must be made with operator off seat.

1. Turn seat spring adjustment knob (D) to the right to decrease seat spring tension, or to the left to increase tension.

2. Sit on operator’s seat and turn seat height adjustment knob (E) to one of the following positions to set limits on how high the seat will travel:

• 0 - Lowest position

• I - Medium low position

• II - Medium high position

• III - Highest position

Using Seat Belt

Fasten Belt

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Always wear seat belt when operating machine with a non-folding Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS). Do not jump from machine if machine tips.


MX5285

• Connect both ends of the seat belt (A) until they click together. Loosen or tighten seat belt until operator is firmly held onto the seat.

Release Belt

• Press red button (B) to release seat belt.

Using PTO Switch

NOTE: Starter will not crank if PTO is engaged. PTO will disengage when master brake pedal is pressed.


MX5267, MX18656

• Pull PTO knob (A) up to engage the PTO.

• Push PTO knob (A) down to disengage the PTO.

Using Key Switch

NOTE: Starter will not crank if any of the following conditions exist:

• PTO is engaged.

• Hydrostatic drive pedals are not in centered (neutral) position.

• Park brake is not locked and operator is out of seat.


MX13889

• To turn ignition off, turn the key switch (A) to the STOP position (B).

• To turn ignition on, turn key switch to the run position (C). Indicator lights on instrument panel should go on, and beeper will sound.

• To start engine, wait for engine manifold heater light to turn off, turn key switch to the start position (D). Once engine begins to run, release key switch back to the run position.

Using Throttle Lever


MX18657

• Pull the throttle lever (A) to the rear for slow idle. Use this position to start engine and maneuver the mower in confined spaces.

• Push throttle lever fully forward to the fast idle position for transporting and mowing.

Using Speed Range Lever


MX18658

• Place speed range lever (A) in centered neutral position (N) to prevent machine from being driven.

• Pull speed range lever to rear for low speed range for mowing and low speed transport.

• Push lever to front position for high speed range used for high speed transport.

Indicator Lights

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! If an indicator lamp turns on while the engine is running, stop the engine to avoid engine damage. Before you restart the engine, find and correct the cause.


Battery Discharge Light


MIF

• The battery discharge light (A) indicates the battery is not getting enough charge from the alternator. The light should come on when the key switch is turned from off to run. The light should go off once the engine starts.

Engine Manifold Heater Indicator Light

• The manifold heater light (B) will light to indicate the intake manifold heater is energized and the operator should wait until it goes off before starting the engine.

• The manifold heater is controlled by a temperature sensitive timer, and will turn off sooner in warm weather.

• Starting the engine before indicator turns off will waste fuel, create smoke, and put unnecessary wear on starter.

• The engine manifold heater light will also flash trouble codes if the operator tries to start the engine without the proper conditions. (See Starting the Engine in this section.)

Engine Coolant Temperature Light

• The engine coolant temperature light (C) indicates that the engine is overheating. A warning beeper will sound anytime the light is turned on.

• If the light lights while mowing, perform the following steps:

a. Remove foot from hydrostatic pedal to stop travel.

b. Disengage PTO.

c. Lock park brake.

d. Set throttle to slow idle.

e. If a major coolant leak is seen coming from the engine compartment, stop the engine immediately.

f. If no coolant or steam can be seen leaking from the engine, open the engine cover and allow engine to idle for five minutes, or until coolant temperature light goes off, then stop engine.

• Check and clean area around radiator and hydraulic oil cooler for buildup of debris and grass.

• Fill coolant overflow tank with a 50/50 mix of coolant and water.

• Allow engine to cool. Inspect cooling system for damage and repair. Fill radiator with 50/50 mix of coolant and water.

Engine Oil Pressure Light

• The engine oil pressure light (D) indicates the engine oil pressure is low. The indicator should light when the key switch is turned to the run position. A warning beeper will sound anytime the light is turned on. The light (and beeper) should go off once the engine starts.

Hour Meter


MX18660

The hour meter (A) records the number of hours the engine has run.

Use the hour meter and the periodic service chart (located in the engine compartment) to determine when service procedures need to be performed on the machine and mower deck.

Using Four Wheel Drive Lever

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! To avoid loss of control or damage to turf, do not turn suddenly or at high speeds while machine is in four wheel drive. Do not use four wheel drive any longer than required.

NOTE: “On-demand” operates only forward.


MX18659

• Pull back on four wheel drive lever (A) (position shown) to use “on-demand” four wheel drive. Rear wheels will engage whenever front wheel slip is detected, and will disengage automatically.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Damage can result if driven in full-time 4WD while mowing or transporting. Only use 4WD as needed during reverse travel.


• Push four wheel drive lever forward to engage full-time four wheel drive. Four wheel drive is locked in for forward and reverse travel.

Using Hydrostatic Pedals


MX13885

Using Forward Travel Pedal:

1. Push the forward travel pedal (A) down to begin driving machine. Push the pedal down more to travel faster.

2. Release the pedal to return to neutral and stop the mower

Using Reverse Travel Pedal:

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Children or bystanders may be injured by being run over and rotating blades. Before traveling forward or rearward:

• Carefully check the area around the machine.

• Disengage the mower before backing up.

1. Push the reverse travel pedal (B) down to back the machine. Push the pedal down more to travel faster.

2. Release pedal to return to neutral and stop the machine.

Using Brakes

Using Master Brake Pedal


MX18578

1. Push the master brake pedal (A) down to hold the machine stationary on a slope or for an emergency stop. PTO will disengage when master brake pedal is pressed. and PTO switch will have to be recycled to restart PTO once brake is released.

Using Park Brake

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Children or bystanders may attempt to move or operate an unattended machine.

Always lock the park brake and remove the key before leaving the machine unattended.

1. Lock the park brake by pulling the park brake knob (B) fully upwards. Press the master brake pedal (A) down fully. The park brake should now be locked.

2. Unlock the park brake by pushing the park brake knob (B) down fully. Fully press and release the master brake pedal (A). The park brake should now be unlocked.

Using Turn Brakes

The turn brakes are used to change direction quickly within the width of machine. Avoid locking the tire with the turn brake in areas where turf damage is not acceptable. The turn brakes will not turn the machine if the differential lock is engaged.


MX13890

1. Press down on the left turn brake pedal (A) to slow or stop the rotation of the left front tire, while power is applied to the right wheel. The machine will turn to the left. Release the turn brake pedal to resume driving in a straight line.

2. Press down on the right turn brake pedal (B) to turn to the right.

Using Differential Lock Pedal

The differential lock is used to help improve traction on slopes and in slippery surfaces. The front drive axle will lock so that the front wheels turn together.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Use the pedal only when you need more traction. Do not lock the differential at high speed or make sharp turns when the differential is locked, or turf damage may result.


To lock the differential:


MX13887

1. Push the pedal (A) down with the left foot and hold it.

To unlock the differential:

1. Release the pedal.

2. The differential will stay locked as long as wheel slip is unequal. Once the load on the transmission is equalized and reduced, the differential lock will disengage.

Using Cruise Control

Engaging Cruise Control

1. Push the forward travel pedal down until the machine has reached the desired travel speed.


MX13891

2. Push the cruise control switch fully forward (A), then release. Allow switch to spring back to the centered position.

3. Remove foot pressure from forward travel pedal. Machine should continue to run at desired speed.

Disengaging Cruise Control

To disengage the cruise control, do one of the following:

• Push down on the master brake pedal.

• Push down on the bottom (B) of the cruise control switch.

Using Fuel Shutoff Valve

NOTE: Shut off fuel flow when transporting machine on a trailer or storing machine.

1. Lift and open the engine cover.

2. Rotate the fuel shutoff valve to the open or closed position as follows:


MX22715

• To open, turn the handle (A) so the pointer (B) is facing upwards.

• To close, turn the handle so the pointer is facing to the rear as shown.

Using Mower Deck Transport Locks

1. Bring machine to a stop.

2. Raise side decks to top of travel.


MX0467

3. Push left and right side transport lock levers (A) down until hooks (B) are over pivot pins (C).

4. Lift transport lock handle to unlock. If mower deck has been lowered while lock is engaged, it will be necessary to raise deck up to unlock transport lock.

Raising and Lowering Mower Decks

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Do not raise the mower decks on slopes or when traveling at high speeds, as the machine could become unstable. Deck lowers quickly when control lever is pushed forward.


MX22734

A - Left Mower Deck Lift Lever

B - Front Mower Deck Lift Lever

C - Right Mower Deck Lift Lever

1. To raise a mower deck, pull the correct mower deck lift lever rearward. Mower deck will raise up until the lever is released, or the mower deck reaches the top of its travel, whichever occurs first.

2. To lower a mower deck, momentarily push lever forward. Mower deck will drop fully down to the ground. If deck needs to be stopped before it lowers completely, momentarily pull the lift lever rearward, and then allow it to return to center.

• Raising a side deck will stop the blades for that deck. Lowering the side deck will restart the blades.

• Raising the front deck will stop the blades for all decks. To restart blades, lower the front mower deck, and cycle the PTO switch from on to off, to on again.

Using Starting Trouble Codes


MIF

If starter will not engage when key switch is turned to start position, one of the start conditions has not been met. A trouble code will flash on the instrument panel at the engine manifold heater light (A) when the key switch is held in the start position. The trouble codes are presented as a sequence of flashes and pauses that must be counted and converted to a two digit number:

• One flash, a short pause, and two flashes - Operator attempted to start machine without park brake locked and operator is off of seat. (One of these conditions must be met for starter to engage.)

• One flash, a short pause, and three flashes - Operator attempted to start machine with PTO engaged.

• Two flashes, a short pause, and one flash - Hydrostatic pedals are not centered into the neutral position.

Starting Engine

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

NOTE: Engine will not start unless the PTO is off, and the hydrostatic pedals are in the centered (neutral) position.

1. Open the fuel shutoff valve (if closed).

2. Sit on the operator’s seat. Put on seat belt.

3. Lock the park brake.

4. Push the PTO switch to the off position.

5. Pull the throttle lever back to the slow idle position.

6. Turn the key switch to the run position. Wait for the engine preheat light to turn off.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Do not overheat starter. Do not operate starter more than ten seconds at a time. Wait two minutes before trying again if engine does not start.


7. Turn the key switch to the start position for no longer that ten seconds. Release key to run position after engine starts.

• If starter engages, but engine does not start, wait two minutes and try again for no longer than ten seconds.

• If starter does not engage, the engine preheat light may blink starting trouble codes while the key switch is in the start position. See Using Starter Trouble Codes to help determine why the engine will not start.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Do not idle engine for long periods of time. Excessive idling can cause engine overheating, carbon build-up, and poor performance.


8. Let engine run at half-speed position for two minutes to allow it to warm up before operating machine.

Stopping Engine

1. Stop PTO by moving PTO switch to off position.

2. Move throttle lever to slow idle position.

3. Lock the park brake.

4. Lower the mower decks to the ground.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Allow engine to idle for two minutes before shutting down after running under load to avoid damage to turbocharger.


5. Turn key switch to STOP position.

6. Remove key.

Transporting Machine

1. Turn PTO switch to off position.

2. Lower front mower deck.

3. Lower left and right side mower decks. (If necessary to transport with side decks raised, engage transport locks and keep transport speeds low).

4. Move speed range lever forward to transport position.

Towing Machine

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Do not tow machine faster than 15 mph. Steering will be more difficult with engine off. Do not tow machine unnecessarily.


1. Unlock the park brake.

2. Put range shift lever in neutral (N) position.


MX0491

3. Attach heavy chain or tow strap to tow loop (A) of machine at rear axle.

4. Pull machine slowly, using brakes when necessary.

5. Do not use machine to pull or tow any other vehicle or trailer.

Transporting Machine on Trailer

Be sure trailer has all the necessary lights and signs required by law.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine onto a trailer or truck.

• Park trailer on a level surface.

• Use of a trailer with sides is recommended.

• Keep wheels away from drop-offs and edges.

• Back slowly and in a straight line.

• Close fuel shut-off valve, if your machine is equipped.

1. Raise side decks and engage transport locks.

2. Drive forward onto heavy-duty trailer with front deck raised.

3. Lower front deck down to platform of trailer.

4. Stop engine, remove key, lock park brake.

5. Close the fuel shutoff valve.

6. Fasten machine to trailer with heavy-duty straps, chains, or cables. Fasten rear straps to rear tow loop behind rear axle. Fasten front straps to tie down holes on operator’s platform. Both front and rear straps must be directed down and outward from machine.

7. Check that engine cover latches are locked down.