All Manuals Close Window

Operating - Machine


Daily Operating Checklist

o Test safety systems.

o Check tire pressure.

o Check fuel level.

o Check engine oil level.

o Check hydraulic oil level.

Avoid Damage to Plastic and Painted Surfaces

• Do not wipe plastic parts unless rinsed first.

• Insect repellent spray may damage plastic and painted surfaces. Do not spray insect repellent near machine.

• Be careful not to spill fuel on machine. Fuel may damage surface. Wipe up spilled fuel immediately.

Console Controls


MX18003

Picture Note: 2500A Models

A - Key Switch

B - Glow Plug Indicator Light (Diesel Model)

C - Indicator Lights

D - Raise-Lower Lever

E - Mow-Transport Lever

F - Throttle Control Lever

G - Leak Detector Indicator Light (Optional)


MX20433

Picture Note: 2500E Models

A - Key Switch

B - Glow Plug Indicator Light (Diesel Model)

C - Indicator Lights

D - Throttle Control Lever

E - Mow-Transport Lever

F - Raise-Lower Lever

G - Reel Controller Diagnostic Light

Pedestal Controls


MX20345

A - Tilt Steering Adjustment Pedal

B - Choke Knob (Gas Model)

Foot - Platform Controls


M97302

A - Park Brake Pedal/Emergency Brake

B - Park Brake Lock

C - Forward Travel Pedal

D - Reverse Travel Pedal

Miscellaneous Controls


M97305, M97389

A - Seat Adjustment Lever

B - Fuel Gauge

Adjusting Operator Seat

NOTE: If needed, use the front set of holes in the seat base to provide the most rearward seat position and increased leg room.


M97305

1. Sit on the seat and pull lever (A) to the left.

2. Slide seat forward or backward to desired position.

3. Release lever.

Adjusting Tilt Steering Wheel


MX20345

1. Press and hold adjustment pedal (A).

2. Move steering wheel to desirable operating position.

3. Release pedal to lock steering wheel in position.

Adjusting Mowing Speed

NOTE: Greensmower is preset at the factory to operate at approximately 7.1 km/h (4.4 mph).

Wheel RPM’s necessary to meet the preset mow speed specification are 178 to 192. Wheel RPM’s have been preset at the factory to assure proper forward mow speed regardless of tire size.

1. Park the vehicle safely. (See Park Safely in the SAFETY section.)


M97395

2. Locate mow speed adjustment (A).

3. Move Mow/Transport lever to the MOW position.

NOTE: Preliminary dimension (B) between top of mow speed adjustment and bottom of forward travel pedal linkage is 22 mm (0.87 in.) When mow speed adjustments change, record any dimension (B) changes for future reference.


M97396

4. Loosen jam nuts (C).

5. Adjust stop dimension.

• Increase dimension (B) for increased mowing speed.

• Decrease dimension (B) for decreased mowing speed.

6. Tighten jam nuts.

7. Move Mow/Transport lever to the TRANSPORT position.

8. Measure off 30.5 m (100 ft.)

9. Start engine.

10. Move Mow/Transport lever to the MOW position.

11. Move throttle lever to the FAST position. Depress FORWARD travel pedal fully.

12. Record the number of seconds it takes to travel the 30.5 m (100 ft.) length.

13. Refer to applicable cutting ratio table to determine ground speed and frequency of cut.

14. Continue adjustment process until desired mowing speed and frequency of cut is achieved.

Cutting Ratios

Ground Speed

Seconds to Travel 30.5m (100 ft)

Frequency of Cut

7 Blade

Frequency of Cut

11 Blade

4 km/h

(2.5 mph)

27.2

4.37 mm

(.172 in.)

2.77 mm

(.109 in.)

4.8 km/h

(3.0 mph)

22.7

5.23 mm

(.206 in.)

3.33 mm

(.131 in.)

5.6 km/h

(3.5 mph)

19.5

6.1 mm

(.240 in.)

3.89 mm

(.153 in.)

6.4 km/h

(4.0 mph)

17.0

6.98 mm

(.275 in.)

4.45 mm

(.175 in.)

7.2 km/h

(4.5 mph)

15.2

7.85 mm

(.309 in.)

4.98 mm

(.196 in.)


Testing Safety Systems



c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

The safety systems installed on your machine should be checked before each machine use. Be sure you have read the machine operator manual and are completely familiar with the operation of the machine before performing these safety system checks.

Use the following checkout procedures to check for normal operation of machine.

If there is a malfunction during one of these procedures, do not operate machine. See your authorized dealer for service.

Perform these tests in a clear open area. Keep bystanders away.

Testing Mow-Transport Lever Switch

Test 1

1. Sit on seat.

2. Lock the park brake.

3. Put transmission in NEUTRAL.

4. Move mow-transport lever to the MOW position.

5. Turn key switch to the START position.

Result: Engine must not start. The Sit-On-Seat indicator light should flash. If engine starts, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

NOTE: Move mow-transport lever to the TRANSPORT position and turn the key to the STOP position before starting engine.

Test 2

1. Sit on seat.

2. Lock the park brake.

3. Put transmission in NEUTRAL.

4. Rise off seat.

5. Start engine.

6. Lower cutting units to the ground.

7. Move mow-transport lever to the MOW position.

Result: Engine must stop within two seconds with no rotation of cutting reels. If engine does not stop, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Raise/Lower Lever Switch

1. Sit on seat.

2. Lock the park brake.

3. Move mow-transport lever to the TRANSPORT position.

4. Start engine.

5. Unlock the park brake.

6. Put the transmission in neutral.

7. Lower cutting units with the raise-lower lever.

8. Move mow-transport lever to the MOW position.

Result: Cutting reels must not rotate. If reels rotate, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Testing Seat Switch

Test 1

1. Sit on seat.

2. Lock the park brake.

3. Move mow-transport lever to the TRANSPORT position.

4. Start engine.

5. Unlock the park brake.

6. Put transmission in neutral.

7. Move mow-transport lever to the MOW position.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Blades are sharp and rotate quickly:

• Keeps hands and feet away from cutting reels while machine is running.

• Always wear gloves while working on cutting reels.

• Watch for rotation of cutting reels. Rotating one cutting reel can cause another blade or cutting reel to rotate.

8. Push the raise-lower lever forward. Cutting reels should start rotating.

9. Rise off seat.

Result: Engine must stop within two seconds and reels should stop rotating. If engine does not stop, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Test 2

1. Sit on seat.

2. Lock the park brake.

3. Start engine and set at slow idle.

4. Unlock the park brake.

5. Put the transmission in neutral.

6. Move mow-transport lever to the TRANSPORT position.

7. Rise off seat.

Result: Engine must stop within two seconds. If engine does not stop, there is a problem with the safety interlock circuit.

Using Park Brake

Locking the Park Brake


M97302

1. Push and hold brake pedal (A) down.

2. Push park brake lock (B) down.

3. Release brake pedal.

4. Release park brake lock. Brake pedal should stay down and park brake lock should stay locked.

Unlocking the Park Brake

1. Push brake pedal (A) down. Park brake lock (B) should release immediately.

2. Release brake pedal.

Glow Plug

NOTE: Glow plugs preheat the combustion chamber for better starting performance.

1. Turn key switch to the RUN position.


MX14996

• The amber glow plug indicator light (A) should go on.

• The indicator light should go off in approximately three seconds after the key switch is turned to the RUN position.

2. Turn the key switch to the START position to start the engine.

Using the Raise - Lower Lever


MX20433

1. Push raise-lower lever (A) forward to lower cutting units.

• If the mow-transport lever (B) is in the mow position, the cutting reels will begin to rotate.

• If the mow-transport lever is in the transport position, the cutting units will lower but the reels will not rotate.

2. Pull lever (A) rearward to raise cutting units.

• If the mow-transport lever is in the mow position, the cutting reels will stop rotating.

Using the Mow - Transport Lever


MX20433

Picture Note: Model 2500E Shown

1. Pull the raise-lower lever (A) rearward to raise cutting units.

2. Move the mow-transport lever (B) to the mow position. Mow indicator lamp (C) will illuminate.

3. Push the raise-lower lever forward to lower cutting units.

• Cutting reels will begin to rotate as the cutting units are lowered.

4. Pull raise-lower lever rearward to raise cutting units.

• Cutting reels will stop rotating as the cutting units are raised. Mow indicator lamp (C) will go out on 2500E models.

5. Move the mow-transport lever to the transport position to disengage reel drive for cutting units.

Using the Key Switch

NOTE: To help prevent engine backfiring, the engine will continue to run approximately two seconds after key switch is turned to the stop position. After engine has stopped, an approximate two-second delay will prevent the engine from immediately being restarted.

Key Switch (A) Positions


MX20433, MIF

• Run position (B) - the engine oil pressure indicator light and battery indicator light should come on. Engine is ready to start.

• Start position (C) - start engine.

• Stop position (D) - shut engine off.

Using Fuel Shut-Off Valve (Diesel Model)

1. Open rear engine cowling.

2. Locate fuel filter sediment bowl assembly on the left side of the engine.


M97370

Picture Note: Fuel shut-off valve shown in the open position.

3. Rotate fuel shut-off valve lever (A) to the “O” (open) position or “C” (closed) position.

“C” (Closed) position:

• When performing any type of engine service.

• When transporting.

• During periods of extended storage.

“O” (Open) position:

• Fuel shut-off valve must be in the full OPEN position for proper fuel delivery to the engine.

Using the Hour Meter

NOTE: The hour meter, located under the console armrest, will run when key switch is in the RUN position.


M97368

• The hour meter (A) shows the approximate number of hours the greensmower has run.

• Use the hour meter and Service Interval Chart to determine when the greensmower will need service.

Indicator Lights


MIF

Hydraulic Oil Temperature Indicator (A) will glow when hydraulic oil temperature is high. Stop all hydraulic functions immediately. Let hydraulic oil temperature cool by allowing greensmower engine to idle under a no load situation. This keeps the oil flowing through the oil cooler and cools the oil. Check oil level and make sure oil cooler coils are clean. Continued operation may cause higher temperatures, resulting in damage.
Engine Oil Pressure Indicator (B) will glow when engine oil pressure is low. If lamp glows when engine is running, stop engine immediately. See your John Deere distributor.
Battery Discharge Indicator (C) will glow when alternator is not producing adequate current. Stop engine and determine cause.
Engine Coolant Temperature Indicator (D) will glow if engine temperature becomes excessive. Stop engine and determine cause.
Hydraulic Leak Detection System Indicator will glow and an alarm will sound momentarily when the key switch is turned on. If a hydraulic leak is detected, the light will glow and the alarm will sound until the key switch is turned off.

Using Sit-On-Seat (SOS) Indicator Light Diagnostics

Sit-On-Seat (SOS) diagnostics are provided to help diagnose problems starting the greensmower.


MX20433

If engine does not crank, the battery discharge light (A) will begin to flash.

The following conditions must be met to energize the starter solenoid and engage the starter motor:

• Park brake locked.

• The mow - transport lever in the TRANSPORT position.

• Backlap valve off.

• Key switch in the START position.

NOTE: Sit-On-Seat diagnostic code label is located under console armrest.


M97451

PARK BRAKE diagnostic code: one flash, a short pause and two additional flashes. This code sequence indicates that the park brake switch has not been activated. Lock park brake to start engine.
BACKLAP SWITCH diagnostic code: two flashes, a short pause and two additional flashes. This code sequence indicates that the backlap valve is in the backlap position. Turn off backlap valve and start engine.
MOW SWITCH diagnostic code: one flash, a short pause and three additional flashes. This code sequence indicates that the mow switch is activated. Move mow-transport lever to the TRANSPORT position to start engine.

Using Reel Controller Diagnostics (2500E)

Reel controller diagnostics are provided to help diagnose problems with the electric powered cutting units found on the 2500E models.


TCU19467

When a problem occurs the reel controller diagnostic light on the console will flash. The number of times it flashes indicates an error code listed on the reel controller diagnostic label. Use the error code to help diagnose the problem. (See the Troubleshooting section for more information.)

NOTE: Reel controller diagnostic label is found on the reel controller. (See Adusting Reel Speed in the Service - Cutting Units section).

Ignition Interlock Systems

For the starter to engage, the following conditions must be met:


MIF

• Operator can be on or off the seat.

• Park brake locked.

• Mow/Transport lever in the TRANSPORTposition.

• Backlap valve in OFF position.

For the engine to run, the following condition must be met:

• Operator must be on the seat or the park brake must be engaged.

If the Mow/Transport lever is in the TRANSPORT position with the park brake not engaged and the operator raises off the seat, the engine will stop.

If the Mow/Transport lever is in the MOW position with the park brake engaged and the operator raises off the seat, the engine will stop.

If the cutting reels are rotating and the operator raises off the seat, the cutting reels and engine will stop.

In order to mow, the following conditions must be met:


MIF

• Operator in the operator seat.

• Throttle lever moved to the FAST position.

• Mow/Transport lever in the MO position.

• Cutting units lowered to the ground.

• Park brake unlocked.

• Backlap valve in OFF position.

If the operator is mowing and the park brake is depressed, the cutting reels will stop rotating.

If the operator is mowing and engages the backlapping valve while on the operator seat, the cutting reels will stop rotating.

If the operator attempts to backlap the cutting units with the operator seat occupied, the cutting reels will not rotate.

If the operator is backlapping the cutting units with the operator seat not occupied and the park brake is unlocked, the engine will stop.

Starting the Engine

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

1. Diesel Model: Open fuel shut-off valve.

2. Adjust seat.

NOTE: Greensmower has an ignition interlock switch. Engine will not start unless the park brake is locked and the Mow/Transport lever is in the TRANSPORT position.

3. Lock park brake.

4. Put Mow/Transport lever in the TRANSPORT position.

5. Move throttle lever to the half speed position.

6. Gas Model: Position choke knob.

• Cold engine: Pull knob out to the CHOKE position.

• Warm/hot engine: If necessary, pull knob out to the CHOKE position.

7. Turn the key switch to the RUN position. The battery, engine oil pressure and leak detector (if equipped) indicator lights should come on.

8. Diesel Model: Glow plug preheat indicator light should come on.

• After approximately three seconds, indicator light will go off. Engine is now ready to start.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Starter may be damaged if starter is operated for more than 20 seconds at a time:

• Wait two minutes before trying again if engine does not start.

• Refer to Ignition Interlock System or Sit-on-Seat Diagnostics in this section or the Troubleshooting section if engine will not start.


9. Turn the key switch to the START position. The hydraulic oil temperature, engine oil pressure, battery, engine coolant temperature and leak detector (if equipped) indicator lights should all come on.

10. When engine starts, release key to the RUN position.

NOTE: If any indicator lights remain lit after engine has started, stop engine immediately. Diagnose and correct the problem.

11. After the engine starts, all indicator lights should go out.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Unnecessary engine idling may cause engine damage. Excessive idling can cause engine overheating, carbon build-up, and poor performance.


12. Move throttle lever to HALF SPEED position. Let engine run a half speed for a couple of minutes to warm up before operating machine.

13. Push in choke knob as engine warms up to keep engine running smoothly.

14. Release park brake.

Stopping Engine

1. Move throttle lever to SLOW position. Allow engine to idle before stopping.

2. Move Mow/Transport lever to the TRANSPORT position.

3. Push raise/lower lever forward to lower cutting reels. Wait until the center cutting reel is fully lowered.

4. Lock the park brake.

NOTE: To help prevent engine backfiring, the engine will continue to run approximately two seconds after key switch is turned to the STOP position. After engine has stopped, an approximate two second delay will prevent the engine from immediately being restarted.


MIF

5. Turn key switch to STOP position (D).

6. Remove key.

Emergency Stopping

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! The machine may be unstable if stopped suddenly. Do not stop suddenly unless it is an emergency.


M97302

• Push on park brake pedal (A).

Using Hydrostatic Transmission

1. Unlock parking brake.


MX20433

2. Move mow-transport lever (A) to the TRANSPORT position.

3. Pull raise-lower lever (B) rearward to raise cutting units.

4. Move throttle lever (C) all the way forward to the FAST position.

To Travel Forward


M97302

1. Depress speed control pedal (D) down to travel forward. The farther the pedal is pushed down, the faster the mower will travel.

2. Remove foot from pedal to return to the NEUTRAL position and greensmower will stop.

To Travel in Reverse

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Look down and behind before and while backing. Clear area of all bystanders before backing machine.


M97302

1. Allow speed control pedal (A) to slowly return to the NEUTRAL position to stop forward travel.

2. Depress speed control pedal (B) down to travel in reverse. The farther the pedal is pushed down, the faster the mower will travel.

3. Remove foot from pedal, return to the NEUTRAL position and greensmower will stop.

Using Free-Wheeling Tow Valve

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Transmission damage may occur if the machine is moved or towed incorrectly:

• Move unit by hand only.

• Do not use another vehicle to move unit.

• Do not tow unit.


When movement of greensmower is required without starting the engine, use the free-wheeling tow valve.

1. Stop engine and remove key.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! With the free-wheeling valve open, the machine will have unrestricted motion.

• The machine may free-wheel out of control if the free-wheeling valve is opened with the machine on an incline.

• Park the machine on a level surface before opening the free-wheeling valve.

2. Lock the park brake.

3. Lift and secure operator seat in the raised position.


M97324

4. Turn free-wheeling tow valve (A) counterclockwise approximately two revolutions.

5. Lower operator seat.

6. Unlock park brake.

7. Push greensmower to desired location.

8. Turn free-wheeling tow valve (A) clockwise approximately two revolutions to the operating position.

Transporting the Greensmower

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or truck.

Close fuel shut-off valve, if your machine is equipped.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Transmission damage may occur if the machine is moved or towed incorrectly:

• Move unit by hand only.

• Do not use another vehicle to move unit.

• Do not tow unit.


NOTE: Use a heavy-duty trailer designed to carry 909 kg (2000 lb), or a truck box to transport the machine.

1. Back machine onto trailer.

2. Secure the cowling to the machine at the front to prevent the hood opening accidentally during transporting

3. Lock the parking brake.

4. Lower the cutting units to the deck.


M97988, M97987

5. Secure machine to trailer with straps, chains, or cables.

• Attach the tie downs to slots (A) provided on both sides of the operator's station in the main frame and slots (B) on both sides of the rear wheel yoke.

6. Use accessory lights and devices when transporting the machine on a road or highway to provide adequate warning to operators of other vehicles. Check local, state, provincial, or federal laws.