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Operating - Machine


Daily Operating Checklist

o Test safety systems.

o Check tire pressure.

o Check fuel level.

o Check engine oil level.

o Check hydraulic oil level.

o Clean air intake screen.

o Check area below machine for leaks.

o Clean debris from machine, engine compartment, linkages and controls.

o Clean debris from engine, especially air intake screens.

o Check for loose, missing, or damaged parts.

o Check Air Restriction Indicator.

Avoid Damage to Plastic and Painted Surfaces

• Do not wipe plastic parts unless rinsed first.

• Insect repellent spray may damage plastic and painted surfaces. Do not spray insect repellent near machine.

• Be careful not to spill fuel on machine. Fuel may damage surface. Wipe up spilled fuel immediately.

Dash Platform Controls


M87052


M79100

A - Mow/Lift Lever

B - Indicator Lights

C - Throttle Lever

D - PTO Switch

E - Glow Plug Switch

F - Light Switch

G - Weight Transfer Valve

H - Key

I - Park Brake Lever

Foot Controls


M99479

A - Reverse Travel Pedal

B - Forward Travel Pedal

Miscellaneous Controls


M99479, M78108


M78988

A - Free-Wheeling Lever

B - Fuel Shut-Off Valve

Adjusting Standard Seat


M78109

1. Push lever (A) to the left.

2. Slide seat forward or backward to desired position.

3. Release lever.

Adjusting Deluxe Seat

Select Seat Position

M97057

M99460

1. Move lever (A) out.

2. Slide seat forward or backward to desired position.

3. Release lever (A) to lock seat in position. Make sure all controls can be easily accessed.

Adjust Ride Comfort

Adjust seat spring tension knob (B) to the weight of the operator, so that the seat “floats” in the center of it’s travel as the machine traverses rough terrain.

1. Adjust seat suspension.

• Turn seat spring tension knob (B) to the right (clockwise) for a firmer ride.

• Gently pull forward or backward on the seat back (D) and lift lever (C) to lock in desired position and release.

Testing Safety Systems



c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

The safety systems installed on your machine should be checked before each machine use. Be sure you have read the machine operator manual and are completely familiar with the operation of the machine before performing these safety system checks.

Use the following checkout procedures to check for normal operation of machine.

If there is a malfunction during one of these procedures, do not operate machine. See your authorized dealer for service.

Perform these tests in a clear open area. Keep bystanders away.

Checking Ignition Interlock Switches

Use the following procedure to check correct operation of the ignition interlock system. Do not operate the machine with a faulty system.

Test 1

1. Sit on the seat.

2. Engage the park brake.

3. Move the hydrostatic drive pedals to the neutral position.

4. Move the PTO switch to the on position.

5. Turn key to the start position. Engine must not crank.

6. Turn key to the off position.

7. Move the PTO switch to the off position.

8. Turn key to the start position. Engine should crank.

Test 2

1. Sit on the seat.

2. Engage the park brake.

3. Move the PTO switch to the off position.

4. Move the hydrostatic drive pedal out of the neutral position.

5. Turn key to the start position. Engine must not crank.

Test 3

1. Sit on the seat.

2. Move the PTO switch to the off position.

3. Release the park brake.

4. Move the hydrostatic drive pedal to the neutral position.

5. Turn key to the start position. Engine must not crank.

6. Turn key to the off position.

7. Engage the park brake.

8. Turn key to the start position. Engine should crank.

Using Fuel Shut-Off Valve

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Never attempt to start engine with the fuel shut-off valve in the off position.



M78088

The fuel tank is equipped with a fuel shutoff valve (A). This valve should be closed if the machine is placed in extended storage. Off is shown with the handle across the direction of the fuel line and on is in the direction of the fuel line.

Using Park Brake


M79100

Engage the park brake (A) by pulling lever towards operator.

Disengage the park brake (A) by pushing lever away from operator.

Using Mow Lift Lever


M97051

Pull lever (A) downward to raise cutting units and stop reel rotation. Hold in this position until the rear cutting unit is fully raised.

Push lever (A) forward to lower cutting units. If PTO switch is engaged, reels will begin to rotate when the cutting units are lowered.

Using Hydrostatic Ground Drive


M99479

Depress forward (left) pedal (A) to move machine forward.

Depress reverse (right) pedal (B) to move the machine backward.

Using the PTO Switch


M56178

Push knob (A) down, to the off position to start engine. The maximum forward travel speed will increase when this is in the off position.

Pull knob up, to the on position to mow. Reels will begin to rotate when lowered. Maximum forward speed will be limited to 5.0 m.p.h.

Using Throttle Lever


M56180

Push lever (A) forward against stop (B) to operate engine at fast idle.

NOTE: Always operate at full throttle for best mowing performance.

Pull lever downward against stop (C) to operate at slow idle. Slow engine to idle before shutting off ignition.

Using Glow Plug

Glow plugs preheat the engine for better starting performance.

1. Turn key switch to the run position.


M78114

2. Depress and hold down glow plug switch (A) to an on position.

3. After approximately 5-30 seconds release the glow plug switch and start the engine.

NOTE: Glow plug should be utilized when outside temperature reaches 0?C (32?F). The length of time the glow plug switch is depressed may be dependent on varying cold weather extremes.

Using Free-Wheeling Lever

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Never tow mower faster than walking speed. The Free Wheeling mechanism is designed to allow manual movement when machine is not in operation. Hydraulic drive component damage will occur if the mower is towed, at high speed.


• Lift hinged cover plate on right side of engine.


M99479, M78108

• Turn valve (A) horizontal to engage the Free Wheeling valve.

• Turn Valve (A) vertical (as shown) to disengage the Free Wheeling valve.

Using The Weight Transfer Control

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! The machine can become unstable when driving on slopes or at high speeds with the cutting units raised or removed. Travel at slow speeds and avoid sudden braking with cutting units raised or removed.


M56183A, M97044

Use the weight transfer control (A) to help improve traction.

To transfer some of the mower weight to the drive wheels:

• Turn the knob clockwise to activate weight transfer and add weight to the drive wheels.

NOTE: If knob is turned enough clockwise, the reels will lift off the ground.

• Turn the knob counterclockwise to reduce weight to the drive wheels.

• Turn the knob fully counterclockwise to deactivate weight transfer.

Using Ignition Interlock System

For the starter to engage and the engine to run, the following conditions must be met simultaneously:


M79100


M56177


M99479

• Park brake (A) engaged. PTO switch (B) off. Hydrostatic ground drive pedals (C) in neutral.

• If the operator is mowing (PTO switch on and/or ground drive engaged) and the operator leaves the seat the engine will stop.

• If the operator has stopped mowing (PTO off) and leaves the seat with ground drive in neutral, but without the park brake engaged, the engine will stop.

• If the operator attempts to drive forward or backward while the park brake is engaged, the engine will stop.

• Provisions have been made to allow a single operator to backlap the reels. (See Backlapping Cutting Units in Service-Cutting Unit Section.)

Starting The Engine

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Be sure fuel shutoff valve is turned on before starting engine.



M78109

1. Move seat lever (A) to the left. Slide seat forward or backward to the most comfortable position.

NOTE: Mower has an ignition interlock switch. Engine will not start unless:

• Park brake is engaged.

• PTO is off.

• Hydrostatic ground drive pedal is in neutral.


M79100

2. Engage the park brake by pulling lever (B) toward operator.


M56178

3. Push PTO switch (C) down to the off position.


M56180

4. Move throttle lever (D) to half speed position.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Starter may be damaged if starter is operated for more than 20 seconds at a time:

• Wait two minutes before trying again if engine does not start.



M56177

5. Turn key to the start position.

When key is in start position, all four indicator lights (E) in the indicator module should come on:

• Engine Oil Pressure

• Hydraulic Oil Temperature

• Battery Discharge Indicator

• Engine Coolant Temperature

If indicator lights do not come on in start position, see Troubleshooting section.

6. When engine starts, release key to the run position.

7. Release the park brake.

Checking Indicator Lights

After engine starts:


M56177

• Hydraulic oil temperature, engine oil pressure, and engine coolant temperature lights (A) should go out within 5 seconds.

• Battery discharge indicator (B) should go out within 10 seconds. If not, move throttle lever to 3/4 position.

If indicator lights stay on longer than given time, stop engine, find and correct problem. See Troubleshooting section.

Warming and Idling Engine

Warming Engine:

• Run engine at half speed for 2 to 3 minutes.

Idling Engine:

• The engine needs a large volume of air to keep cool. Keep grille and screens clean.

• Avoid unnecessary engine idling.

Stopping Engine


M56180

1. Move throttle lever down to slow position (A). Let engine idle before stopping.

2. Engage the park brake.

3. Turn key to the off position.

4. Remove the key.

Using Hydrostatic Transmission

1. Release the park brake.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Run engine at full throttle for best performance.



M56180

2. Move throttle lever all the way forward to fast position (A).


M99479

3. Slowly push hydrostatic control pedal (B) down to travel forward. The farther the pedal is pushed down, the faster the mower will travel.

Forward travel speed is 0–12.8 km/h (0–8 m.p.h.).

4. Push reverse pedal (C) down for reverse.

To travel in reverse:

• Allow forward pedal to slowly return to neutral.

• Check area behind mower.

• Slowly push reverse pedal (C) down to travel in reverse. The farther the pedal is pushed down the faster the mower will travel.

Reverse travel speed is 0–8.1 km/h (0–5 m.p.h.).

Emergency Stopping

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! The machine may be unstable if stopped suddenly. Do not stop suddenly unless it is an emergency.

1. Remove foot from hydrostatic control pedal.


M79100

2. Pull back on park brake lever (A).

Transporting Machine on Trailer

Be sure trailer has all the necessary lights and signs required by law.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or truck.

Close fuel shut-off valve, if your machine is equipped.

1. Move forward onto heavy-duty trailer.

2. Lock park brake.

3. Machines with fuel shut-off: Turn fuel shut-off to off position.

4. Fasten machine to trailer with heavy-duty straps, chains, or cables. Both front and rear straps must be directed down and outward from machine.