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Operating


Daily Operating Checklist

o Test safety systems.

o Check tire pressure.

o Check fuel level.

o Check engine oil level.

o Check transmission oil level.

o Remove grass and debris from machine.

o Clean air intake screen.

o Check area below machine for leaks.

Avoid Damage to Plastic and Painted Surfaces

• Do not wipe plastic parts unless rinsed first.

• Insect repellent spray may damage plastic and painted surfaces. Do not spray insect repellent near machine.

• Be careful not to spill fuel on machine. Fuel may damage surface. Wipe up spilled fuel immediately.

Operator Station Controls


MX30452

A - Key Switch

B - Hour Meter

C - Turn Signal Switch (If equipped)

D - Hazard Lights Switch (If equipped)

E - 12 VDC Accessory Outlet (If equipped)

F - Front Blade Lift/Lower Switch (If equipped)

G - Park Brake Lock

H - Accelerator Pedal

I - Gear Shift Lever

J - Traction Assist Lever (If equipped)

K - Brake Pedal

L - Headlight Switch

M - Horn (If equipped)

N - Choke Knob

O - Cargo Box Power Lift Switch (If equipped)

Miscellaneous Controls


MX34007

A - Fuel Level Sight Gauge

B - Fuel Cap

Adjusting Seat

Adjusting Seat Position

1. Stop machine and move gear shift lever to N (neutral) position.

2. Lock park brake.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Never adjust seat while machine is moving. Stop machine before adjusting seat to prevent loss of machine control.


MX34008

3. Sit on seat and move lever (A) to the left.

4. Slide seat forward or rearward to desired position.

5. Release lever.

Using Hand Holds


MX30452

Hand holds (A) are provided for passenger balance when driving over rough terrain. Use dash bar and side rails on seats for stability.

Testing Safety Systems



c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

The safety systems installed on your machine should be checked before each machine use. Be sure you have read the machine operator manual and are completely familiar with the operation of the machine before performing these safety system checks.

Use the following checkout procedures to check for normal operation of machine.

If there is a malfunction during one of these procedures, do not operate machine. See your authorized dealer for service.

Perform these tests in a clear open area. Keep bystanders away.

Testing the Safety Start System

1. Sit on the operator’s seat.

2. Put key in STOP position.

3. Lock park brake.

4. Move gear shift lever to forward position.

5. Move key to start position. Engine should not crank. Turn key off.

6. Move gear shift lever to reverse position.

7. Move key to start position. Engine should not crank. Turn key off.

Using Park Brake

Locking Park Brake

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Children or bystanders may attempt to move or operate an unattended machine.

Always lock the park brake and remove the key before leaving the machine unattended.


MX30452

1. Push and hold down brake pedal (A).

2. Pull out park brake lever (B) to lock park brake.

3. Release brake pedal. Pedal should stay down and park brake lever should stay out in locked position.

Unlocking Park Brake

1. Push and hold down brake pedal (A).

2. Park brake lever (B) should release and move in to unlock park brake.

3. Release brake pedal. Pedal should come up to operating position.

Using Key Switch


W00927, MX30452

A - STOP Position - With key in STOP position, all switched power is off, and engine should not run.

B - ON Position - Move key from STOP to this position and the hour meter will display the accumulated hours and all switched power circuits will be energized.

C - START Position - Turn key to start position to start the engine. Release key after engine has started and it will automatically return to the on position. The engine will continue to run.

Using Headlights


MX30606, MX30452

• Press at top of light switch (A) to turn headlights on.

• Press at bottom of light switch (A) to turn headlights off.

Using 3-Way Light Switch (If Equipped)

Switch (A) controls the headlights and park lights.


MX30606, MX35301

• Park and Headlights - Top Position: Push top of switch all the way in.

• Park Lights - Center Position: Move switch to the center position.

• Off - Bottom Position: Push bottom of switch all the way in.

Using Hazard Lights (If Equipped)


MX30607, MX30452

• Press at top of hazard light switch (A) to turn hazard lights on.

• Press at bottom of hazard light switch (A) to turn hazard lights off.

Using Hour Meter

NOTE: Hour meter will continue to run if key is not returned to STOP position.


MX30609, MX30452

The hour meter (A) shows the number of hours the key is in the run position. The hour meter is intended to provide a means of monitoring machine usage for maintenance purposes. Use the hour meter to determine when your machine has reached the recommended service intervals.

Using Turn Signal Switch (If equipped)


MX30608, MX30452

• Press at left end of turn signal switch (A) to signal a left turn.

• Press at right end of turn signal switch (A) to signal a right turn.

• Press at opposite end of turn signal switch (A) until switch is centered to turn signal light off.

Using Accessory Outlet (If equipped)

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Safe operation requires your full attention. Do not wear radio or music headphones while operating machine.

NOTE: Accessory must be rated at 10 amps or less.


MX30452

• Remove 12-volt outlet (A) cover and install accessory cord in outlet.

• Install cover in outlet after use.

Starting the Engine

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

1. Sit on operator seat. Do not start engine at this time.

2. Push down on accelerator pedal to check free movement of pedal assembly. Release pedal.

NOTE: The machine has a neutral start safety switch. The engine will not start unless the gear shift lever is in N (Neutral) position.

3. Move gear shift lever to N (Neutral) position.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Do not start engine by shorting across starter terminals. Bypassing normal circuitry will allow vehicle to start in gear.

Never start engine while standing on ground. Start engine only from operator’s seat.

4. Lock the park brake.

5. Turn key to the run position.

6. Pull out on choke if engine is cold.

7. Turn key to start position.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Starter may be damaged if operated continuously for extended periods of time. Allow starter to cool down after several starting attempts.


8. Release key to the run position when engine starts.

• If engine does not start within five seconds, turn key to STOP position and wait ten seconds before trying to start again.

• Attempt starting engine five times only, then wait 5 minutes before trying again. This will allow time for starter to cool and prevent damage to starter.

9. Push in on the choke.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Do not operate the engine at full throttle or under load until engine has warmed up, or engine damage could occur.


10. Run engine at half speed for 2 or 3 minutes to warm the engine.

Stopping Engine

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Children or bystanders may attempt to move or operate an unattended machine.

Always lock the park brake and remove the key before leaving the machine unattended.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! If engine has been running hard and is hot, do not stop engine immediately. Remove load from engine. Run engine at 1/3 to 1/2 throttle for several minutes to cool engine.


1. Stop machine.

2. Move gear shift lever to N (neutral) position.

3. Lock the park brake.

4. Turn key to STOP position.

5. Remove key.

Using Travel Controls

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Reduce speed before braking or turning, when hauling loads, and while operating around obstacles or on hazardous off-road conditions.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Do not shift gears when vehicle is moving or with engine running above low idle speed. Push down brake to stop vehicle motion and engage shift lever with a firm positive action.

Gears may grind when shifting if engine idle speed is set higher than factory specification.


Traveling Forward


VG11677, MX30456

Picture Note: CX model shown.

A - Important - To prevent damage, stop before shifting.

1. Push shift lever forward to position (B).

2. Look in the direction the machine will travel.


MX30452

3. Push down accelerator pedal (D) slowly and smoothly to begin machine travel.

Traveling in Reverse

1. Stop machine.

2. Push shift lever to right, then pull rearward to reverse position (C).

3. Look behind the machine to be sure there are no bystanders nearby.

4. Push down accelerator pedal (D) slowly and smoothly to begin machine travel.

Stopping

1. Release accelerator and push down brake pedal (E).

Using Traction Assist (CX Model)

Traction assist provides better traction when rear wheels start to slip. Engaging the traction assist will cause both rear wheels to turn together at equal speed.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Driving at high speeds with the traction assist engaged may result in loss of steering control. Do not engage traction assist or turn with the traction assist engaged while operating machine at high speeds or on slopes.

Engaging the traction assist:

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Using the traction assist function improperly can damage the transaxle:

• Reduce speed and allow drive wheels to rotate at same speed before engaging or disengaging traction assist.

• Disengage traction assist when driving on dry asphalt or concrete.

• Use traction assist only when necessary for improved ground engagement.


1. Stop machine or reduce engine speed to low idle.


VG11677, MX30456

2. Push traction assist lever forward to locked position (A):

• Traction assist will remain engaged as long as lever is forward.

Disengaging the Traction Assist

NOTE: The load, or torque, on all wheels must be reduced and equal before the traction assist will disengage completely. Drive slowly on a level surface to disengage the traction assist.

1. Stop machine or reduce engine speed to low idle.

2. Pull lever rearward to unlocked position (B).

3. Drive the machine straight ahead at a constant speed.

Raising and Lowering Cargo Box

Manual Lift

c CAUTION: Avoid injury!

Park machine on a level surface and lock park brake before manually raising and securing cargo box in raised position.

A cargo box containing material can be heavy. Empty some or all material until cargo box can safely be raised manually.

1. Park the machine safely. (See Parking Safely in the SAFETY section.)

2. Empty cargo box by hand.

NOTE: Cargo box can not be raised without disengaging the cargo box latch lock.


MX30486a

3. Disengage cargo box latch lock:

a. Remove screw (A) from cargo box latch bracket (B), using an 8 mm wrench.

b. Release latch (C) by pulling outward. Raise cargo box manually with lift handle (D) on side of cargo box.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Cargo box can fall if not secured properly. Remove key from ignition and lock support rod securely before doing any service under raised cargo box.


MX30487

4. Place support rod (E) to lock into slot (F) when cargo box is fully raised.

5. Raise cargo box slightly using lift handle (B) and lower cargo box.

6. Release support rod from latch slot by pulling up on lower end of rod.

7. Slowly lower cargo box until latch pin (G) engages lock plate (H).

8. Engage cargo box latch lock:

a. Align holes in cargo box latch bracket, seat base and base plate.

b. Install screw and tighten securely.

Power Lift (Optional)

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! A “clicking” or “ratcheting” sound when cargo box is fully raised or lowered or when box is heavily loaded indicates actuator clutch slippage. To prevent unnecessary wear or damage, keep clutch slippage to a minimum. Do not operate the Power Lift actuator beyond full stroke or exceed the cargo box weight capacity.


1. Park the machine safely. (See Parking Safely in the SAFETY section.)

2. Turn key to run position.


MX30610, MX30452

3. Raise cargo box by pressing and holding top (A) of rocker switch. Release switch when box is at desired dump height or when reaching maximum height.

NOTE: Allowing the Power Lift actuator clutch to slip briefly (click or ratchet) after cargo box is fully lowered will help keep cargo box secure and reduce rattling caused by travel vibrations.

4. Completely lower cargo box by pressing and holding bottom (B) of rocker switch.

5. Turn key to STOP position.

Manual Lift Assist (Optional)

NOTE: Not intended for heavy loads.

1. Park the machine safely. (See Parking Safely in the SAFETY section.)

2. Unload part of the cargo box by hand if excessively heavy.

NOTE: Gas cylinders are used to assist with opening box.


MX35025

3. Release latch (A) by pulling outward. Raise cargo box manually with lift handle (B) on side of cargo box. Cargo box will remain in raised position.

4. To lower cargo box, lower box until latch pin engages lock plate.

Operating the Tailgate

Opening Tailgate

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Seating is provided for the operator and one passenger. Do not allow riders in the cargo box or on the tailgate. Extra riders can fall off and be seriously injured or killed.


MX30489

1. Using handles (A), lift up on tailgate until tabs (B) clear the side rails.

2. Pivot tailgate down until it rests on support cables.

Closing Tailgate

1. Pivot tailgate up and lift the tailgate enough so that tabs clear side rails.

2. Lower tailgate to engage tabs into side rail notches.

Removing and Installing Tailgate

Removing Tailgate

1. Park the machine safely. (See Parking Safely in the SAFETY section.)

2. Open tailgate.


MX30488

3. Remove and retain four screws (A) securing left rear lens (B) to cargo box.

4. Slide left rear lens rearward to remove.

5. Remove the two cap screws (C) and the cable supports from the cargo box side rails.


MX30490

6. Lift the left end of the tailgate up and to the rear to remove the pivot (D) from the side rail.

7. With one side of tailgate now detached, slide tailgate to the left to complete removal.

Installing Tailgate

1. Install the tailgate by inserting the pivot (D) into the side rail.

2. Apply a medium strength thread lock to the cable support cap screws during installation.

3. Install the cable support cap screws, but do not tighten completely.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! To avoid damage to plastic components, do not over tighten the hardware.


4. Install the four lens screws, but do not over tighten.

Loading the Cargo Box

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! The utility vehicle may become unstable if the cargo box is loaded incorrectly. Avoid loose and shifting loads or uneven loading of material.

• Do not load above height of load guard.

• Securely anchor all loads in cargo box.

• Do not load beyond maximum capacity.

Maximum payload capacity on level terrain for the cargo box is 182 kg (400 lb).

Reduce load and ground speed when operating over rough or hilly terrain. Do not overload machine. Limit loads to those that can be safely controlled.

Securely anchor and evenly distribute loads in cargo box, when loading objects into machine. Shifting loads will affect stability.


MX30611

Three notches are available in the fender well (A) on each side of the cargo box for use with bungee cord type hold downs.

Do not load above load guard.

Avoid concentrated loads at rear or side of cargo box to prevent machine from tipping over. Be sure load is evenly distributed.

Because there is a big difference in weight between dry and wet sand, the only way of getting true weight of the load you are carrying is by using a weigh scale.

For example, dry sand weighing 90 kg (198 lb) would be approximately 7.62 cm (3 in.) deep level across the cargo box. This would be approximately 1/3 of the volume of the cargo box.

Weight is normally printed on bagged and other material.

Emptying Cargo Box

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Raising a loaded cargo box changes the center of gravity. Keep vehicle a safe distance from the edge of ravine or drop-off when raising cargo box to empty.

A loaded cargo box can be very heavy. Do not attempt to manually raise a loaded cargo box. Unload cargo box before raising it by hand.


M78552

1. Back up machine to dump site.

2. Park the machine safely. (See Parking Safely in the SAFETY section.)

3. Open tailgate.

4. Disengage cargo box latch lock.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Stop emptying immediately if actuator clutch slippage occurs. Lower cargo box completely and remove excess load by hand before dumping.


5. Raise cargo box to dump load.

6. Lower cargo box when empty.

7. Engage cargo box latch lock.

8. Close tailgate. Do not drive machine with cargo box in raised position.

Towing Loads

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Excessive towed load can cause loss of traction and loss of control on slopes. Stopping distance increases with speed and weight of towed load.

Do not tow a load that exceeds the maximum allowable towing load for this vehicle, as specified in this operator’s manual.

• To provide adequate braking ability and traction, weight of towed load (trailer plus cargo) must never exceed the vehicle payload (operator plus passenger plus cargo box load).

• Do not tow a load that exceeds the maximum allowable towing load for this vehicle, as specified in this operator’s manual.

• Do not tow a load that exceeds 273 kg (600 lb).

• Do not exceed a tongue weight of 27 kg (60 lb).

• Tow load at a speed slow enough to maintain control.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Extreme angles such as high railroad crossings can place high bending loads on hitch connection (A). Traversing terrain where the preceding conditions exist, use a ball type hitch.



MX30491, MX30492

• Always use approved hitch and hitch point provided for the utility machine. Do not modify the hitch or hitch point in any way.

Transporting Vehicle

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Never tow the vehicle. Towing a vehicle will result in transaxle damage. Haul the vehicle on a heavy-duty trailer or on a full-size truck.

Vehicle should be transported in the forward position. If the vehicle must be transported in a rearward position, the hood shall be strapped closed to prevent air from opening the hood during transport.

Windshield and canopy top must be removed when transporting the vehicle on a trailer or open truck. Damage to the windshield and canopy top may result if left on during transport. It is not necessary to remove the canopy frame when transporting.


NOTE: Space limitations may vary from one truck manufacturer to another. Short bed trucks do not have the necessary length requirement to accommodate the vehicle.

1. Drive vehicle forward onto the trailer or truck.

2. Leave gear shift lever in forward or reverse.

3. Park vehicle safely (See Parking Safely in the SAFETY section.)

4. Fasten vehicle to trailer or truck with straps, chains, or cables.

5. Equip the trailer or truck with all the necessary lights and signs required by local, state, provincial, or federal laws.