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Operating


Daily Operating Checklist

o Make sure all safety guards and shields are attached.

o Check operation of park brake.

o Test safety interlock systems.

o Check fuel level.

o Check for hydraulic oil leaks.

o Check engine oil level.

o Check hydraulic oil level.

o Check engine air filter indicator.

o Inspect tires and check air pressure.

o Clean debris from radiator inlet screens.

o Check for loose, missing, or damaged parts.

Avoid Damage to Plastic and Painted Surfaces

• Do not wipe plastic parts unless rinsed first.

• Insect repellent spray may damage plastic and painted surfaces. Do not spray insect repellent near machine.

• Be careful not to spill fuel on machine. Fuel may damage surface. Wipe up spilled fuel immediately.

Operator Station Controls


DM2699

A - Battery Charge Indicator

B - Oil Pressure Indicator

C - Coolant Temperature / Hydraulic Oil Temperature Indicator

D - Air Heater

E - Throttle Lever

F - Ignition Key Switch

G - PTO Switch

H - Hour meter


DM2700

A - Deck Lift Switch

B - Height-of-Cut Knob

C - Motion Control Levers

D - Park Brake Lever

E - Fuel Tank Cap

Miscellaneous Controls


DM2035

A - Free-Wheeling Pump Release Valves

Mounting and Dismounting Machine Safely


DM2054

Do not step on either side of the mower deck when mounting and dismounting the machine. Mount the machine from the front using foot plate (A). Park machine safely (See Parking Safely in the SAFETY section.) before dismounting.

Keep the foot plate clean.

Raising and Lowering Seat

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! The seat is heavy and can cause injury if it falls. When performing any service function under the operator seat, make sure the seat stop rod securely locks the seat in the raised position.

Raising the Seat

1. Park machine on a hard, level surface.

2. Stop engine and lock park brake.


dm2056

3. Raise latch handle (A).


DM2032

4. Lift seat, stop rod (B) will travel in slotted frame hole (C).

5. When seat is fully raised, make sure stop rod tab (D) securely locks the seat in the raised position.

Lowering the Seat

1. Stand on the left side of the machine.

2. Move operator seat slightly forward and lift stop rod.

3. Slowly lower seat, stop rod will travel in slotted frame hole.

Adjusting Seat

1. Sit on operator’s seat.


MX10291

2. Push and hold the seat adjustment lever (A) toward the middle of the seat.

3. Slide forward or backward to desired position.

4. Release lever.

Adjusting Luxury Seat (Optional)

Select Seat Position

1. Sit on operator’s seat.


DM2055

2. Push lever (A) out.

3. Slide forward or backward to desired position.

4. Release lever.

Adjust Ride Comfort

Adjust seat spring tension knob (B) to the weight of the operator, so that the seat floats in the center of its travel as the machine traverses rough terrain.

1. Adjust seat suspension.

• Turn seat spring tension knob clockwise for a firmer ride.

• Turn seat spring tension knob counterclockwise for a softer ride.

Adjust Back Comfort

The back has three positions, from a straight upright position to a slightly inclined position.


DM2057

1. Place one hand on the back of the seat (A) and other hand on lever (B).

2. Gently pull forward or backward on the seat back and lift lever to lock in desired position and release.

Using Seat Belt

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Always wear seat belt when operating machine with folding Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS) in upright position. Do not jump from machine if machine tips.

If ROPS must be folded to operate in a low clearance area, do not use seat belt. Raise ROPS and use seat belt as soon as conditions permit.


MX7087

1. Sit in seat.

2. Pull out seat belt buckle (A) and stretch across your lap in one non-stop motion.

3. Insert seat belt buckle into latch (B) until it locks.

4. To release seat belt, press red button (C) until buckle comes out of latch.

Lowering ROPS

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Always wear seat belt when operating machine with folding Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS) in upright position. Do not jump from machine if machine tips.

If ROPS must be folded to operate in a low clearance area, do not use seat belt. Raise ROPS and use seat belt as soon as conditions permit.

NOTE: Perform procedure on both sides of ROPS.

1. Park machine safely. (See Parking Safely in the SAFETY section).


DM2707

2. Turn lever (A) of stabilizer counterclockwise to loosen. Repeat on other side.

3. Remove drilled pins (B) on both sides of ROPS.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Attachment is heavy and can crush.

Keep hands and arms from under attachment when in the raised position.


DM2708

4. Pull ROPS rearward to lower as shown.

5. Reinstall drilled pins as shown (C).

6. Repeat on other side.


DM2719

7. Turn lever clockwise (D).

8. Pull up lever (E) and rotate counter clockwise (F).

9. Lower lever (G).

10. Repeat step 7 to 9 until tight.

11. Repeat on other side.

Raising ROPS

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Properly tighten stabilizer device after raising ROPS. Check tightness after 5 and 15 hours.


Repeat steps in reverse order. Turn lever handtight.

Adjusting Mower Deck Cutting Height

• The mower deck height adjustment consists of fifteen different cutting heights. The fifteen cutting heights range from 38–127 mm (1-1/2–5 in.) in 6.3 mm (1/4 in.) increments.

• Cutting height levels can be adjusted without leaving the seat.

Cutting Height Adjustment Procedure

1. Park machine on a hard, level surface.

2. Disengage PTO.


DM2700

3. Step on deck lift switch (A) and hold it down.

4. Turn height-of-cut knob (B) to the desired setting.

5. Release deck lift switch.

Adjusting Mower Deck Anti-Scalp Wheels

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Rotating parts can catch fingers, loose clothing, or long hair. Wait for engine and all moving parts to stop before leaving operator’s station to adjust or service machine.

NOTE: The flattest cut can be achieved by having all anti-scalp wheels adjusted off the ground. Check anti-scalp wheel adjustments each time the mower deck cutting height is changed.

It is recommended that all anti-scalp wheels be kept off the ground to minimize scuffing.

1. Inflate tires to correct pressure.

2. Adjust mower deck to desired cutting height.


DM2702

3. Adjust anti-scalp wheel (A) to one of three positions (D).

• Remove screw (B) and locknut (C).

• Adjust wheel up or down so it is approximately 6–13 mm (1/4–1/2 in.) above mowing surface.

4. Install wheel with attaching hardware.

5. Adjust all wheels to the same height.

Testing Safety Systems



c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.

The safety systems installed on your machine should be checked before each machine use. Be sure you have read the machine operator manual and are completely familiar with the operation of the machine before performing these safety system checks.

Use the following checkout procedures to check for normal operation of machine.

If there is a malfunction during one of these procedures, do not operate machine. See your authorized dealer for service.

Perform these tests in a clear open area. Keep bystanders away.

Testing PTO Switch

1. Sit on the operator seat with the motion control levers in the neutral lock position.

2. Lock the park brake.

3. Pull PTO knob up to engage.

4. Turn key switch to the start position.

Result: The engine must not crank.

Testing Park Brake Switch

1. Sit on the operator seat with the motion control levers in the neutral lock position.

2. Push PTO knob down to disengage.

3. Unlock park brake.

4. Turn key switch to the start position.

Result: The engine must not crank.

Testing Neutral Start Switch

NOTE: Repeat this test three times, with the motion control levers in the following positions:

1. Right side motion control lever inward.

2. Left side motion control lever inward.

3. Both motion control levers inward.

1. Move motion control lever(s) inward to the neutral position.

2. Lock the park brake.

3. Push PTO knob down to disengage.

4. Turn key switch to the start position.

Result: The engine must not crank.

Testing Seat Switch

1. Start the engine.

2. Unlock park brake.

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Before engaging attachment, make sure that area is clear of bystanders, especially children.

3. Pull PTO knob up to engage.

4. Raise slightly off the seat.

Result: The engine must stop.

Testing the Park Brake


MIF

1. Stop machine on a 17? slope (30% grade). Stop the engine and lock the park brake.

Result: Park brake must hold the machine stationary. (Machine should move no more than 61cm (24 in.) in one hour.) If machine moves more than that, brakes need to be adjusted. See your John Deere Dealer or refer to Adjusting Park Brake in the Service Steering and Brakes section.

Using the Park Brake

Locking Park Brake

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! If the engine should stop while operating on an incline, the mower can free wheel. If this should occur:

• lock the park brake,

• start the engine,

• unlock the park brake,

• resume operation.


DM2008

• Raise park brake lever (A) to lock park brake.

Unlocking Park Brake:

• Lower park brake lever to unlock park brake.

Using the PTO Knob

Engage PTO:


DM2699

1. Move lever (A) to full throttle position.

2. Pull PTO knob (B) up to engage mower deck.

Disengage PTO:

• Push PTO knob (B) down.

Using the Throttle Lever


DM2699

• Push throttle lever (A) all the way forward to the fast position (B) when mowing.

• Move throttle lever (A) to the half throttle position (C) when starting and warming the engine.

• Pull throttle lever (A) to rear to slow position (D) to idle engine. Do not run engine at slow idle any longer than necessary.

Using the Hour Meter

NOTE: The machine is equipped with an electric start. The hour meter will continue to run with the key switch left in the run position.


DM2699

• The hour meter (A) shows number of hours the machine has run.

• The service interval chart gives necessary service intervals. Use the hour meter and service interval chart to determine when machine will need service.

Using the Motion Control Levers

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Learn use of the motion control levers and practice at half throttle until becoming proficient and comfortable with the operation of the machine.

Do not move motion control levers from forward to reverse or reverse to forward position rapidly. Sudden direction changes could cause loss of control or damage the machine.

The functions of the motion control levers are:

• Dual function neutral position.

• Steering.

• Acceleration.

• Braking.

Neutral Lock Position

DM2701

Picture Note: Motion control levers shown in the neutral lock position.

• Motion control levers (A) must be in the neutral lock position and the park brake locked to start the engine.

• Forward and reverse movement of the motion control levers is prevented when levers are moved to the neutral lock position.

• Operator can exit mower with the engine running when the PTO switch is disengaged, the motion control levers are in the neutral lock position and the park brake is locked.

• Motion control levers must be in the neutral lock position to safely enter and exit the operator seat.

Neutral Position

DM2700

Picture Note: Motion control levers (A) shown in the neutral position.

• Machine speed, motion, and direction can be controlled when the engine is running, motion control levers are in the neutral position, and the park brake is unlocked.

Forward and Reverse Motion:

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Children or bystanders may be injured by being run over and rotating blades. Before traveling forward or rearward:

• Carefully check the area around the machine.

• Disengage the mower before backing up.

1. Move throttle lever to the fast position.

2. Unlock park brake.

3. Move both motion control levers from the neutral lock position inward to the neutral position.

4. Push the control levers forward to begin forward motion.

• The further forward the control levers are moved, the faster the machine will travel.

• Forward speed range: 0–18.5 km/h (0–11.5 m.p.h.).

5. Pull both control levers rearward at the same time to begin reverse motion.

• Reverse speed range: 0–8 km/h (0–5 m.p.h.).

6. To stop motion, move both motion control levers forward or rearward until the machine comes to a stop.

NOTE: The motion control linkages are adjustable. If adjustment is required see Checking and Adjusting Motion Control Linkages in the Service–Transmission section.

Forward:


MX10341

• Push both motion control levers forward at the same time.

Reverse:


MX10342

• Pull both control levers past center rearward at the same time.

Gentle Left Turn:


MX10301

• Push right control lever further forward than the left control lever.

Gentle Right Turn:


MX10300

• Push left control lever further forward than the right control lever.

Sharp Left Turn:


MX10344

• Push right control lever forward and pull left control lever rearward at the same time.

Sharp Right Turn:


MX10343

• Push left control lever forward and pull right control lever rearward at the same time.

Leveling Mower Deck

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Rotating blades are dangerous. Before adjusting or servicing mower:

• Disconnect battery negative (-) cable to prevent engine from starting accidentally.

• Always wear gloves when handling mower blades or working near blades.

1. Park machine safely. (See Parking Safely in the SAFETY section.)

2. Inflate tires to the correct pressure.

3. Set deck to the transport position.

• The transport position is the 127 mm (5 in.) cutting height position.

4. Inspect mower blades for:

• Blade sharpness.

• Blade damage.

• Bent blades.

Checking Level (Side-to-Side)

NOTE: Mower deck anti-scalp wheels should not contact the ground.

1. Set cutting height to 76 mm (3 in.) position.


Mx10371

Picture Note: Discharge chute raised for photo clarity.

2. Position right mower blade (A) (discharge side) in the side-to-side position.

NOTE: Use a short ruler or a leveling gauge to check the mower blade level.

3. Measure from outside blade tip to the ground.

4. Position left mower blade in the sideways (left to right) position.

5. Measure from outside blade tip to the ground.

• The difference between both measurements should be no greater than 3 mm (1/8 in.).

6. If side-to-side level is not within the given tolerance, an adjustment is necessary.

Adjusting Level (Side-to-Side)

1. Set deck to transport position.

• The transport position is the 127 mm (5 in.) cutting height position.


MX10369,MX10370,MIF

2. Place 76 mm (3 in.) wooden blocks (B) under each side of the mower deck.

• The wooden block placed under the left side of the mower deck must be positioned to the rear of the raised portion of the deck wall.

NOTE: The right front anti-scalp wheel must not rest on the wooden block.

• The wooden block placed under the right side of the mower deck must be positioned under the right front anti-scalp wheel bracket (C).

3. Lower mower deck down onto the wooden blocks.

4. Set height-of-cut to 83 mm (3-1/4 in.).


DM2709

5. Verify that cam follower located on rear lift shaft is in contact with height adjustment cam on lift system.

6. Adjust front and rear chain lengths (D) on each side of machine so there is no slack in links and deck is freely supported by the 76 mm (3 in.) wooden blocks.

7. Set deck to the transport position.

• The transport position is the 127 mm (5 in.) cutting height position.

8. Remove wooden blocks from under both sides of the mower deck.

9. Set deck to 76 mm (3 in.) cutting height position.

10. Check side-to-side mower level. Repeat adjustment as needed.

Checking Level (Front-to-Rear)

1. Set deck to the 76 mm (3 in.) cutting height position.

2. Position right mower blade (discharge side) in the straight forward (front-to-rear) position.

3. Measure from the right front blade tip to the ground.

4. Turn blade 180? and measure from right rear blade tip to the ground.


M40137

• The height (E) of the rear blade tip should be between 3 - 6 mm (1/8 - 1/4 in.) higher than the front blade tip.

5. If the front-to-rear level is not within the given tolerance, an adjustment is necessary.

Adjusting Level (Front-to-Rear)

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Adjust the left and right deck lift assist rods equally.


NOTE: Adjust side-to-side mower level before adjusting front-to-rear level.

Adjust both sides of the mower deck equally.


DM2709

1. Loosen jam nut (F) on each deck lift assist rod.

2. While positioned in front of the machine, adjust mower level:

• Turn hex nut (G) counterclockwise to lower front of mower deck.

• Turn hex nut (G) clockwise to raise front of mower deck.

3. Verify that the adjustment on right and left sides is equal.

4. Tighten jam nuts.

5. Check front-to-rear mower level.

Starting the Engine

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide and can cause serious illness or death.

Move the machine to an outside area before running the engine.

Do not run an engine in an enclosed area without adequate ventilation.

• Connect a pipe extension to the engine exhaust pipe to direct the exhaust fumes out of the area.

• Allow fresh outside air into the work area to clear the exhaust fumes out.


DM2701

1. Move both motion control levers (A) to the neutral lock position.

2. Sit on the operator’s seat.

3. Put on seat belt.

4. Lock the park brake.

5. Push the PTO switch knob (B) down to disengage the PTO.

6. Pull throttle lever (C) back to the slow idle position.


MIF

7. Turn key switch to the start position (D).

8. Release key to the run position (E) when the engine starts.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Do not overheat starter. Do not operate starter more than ten seconds at a time. Wait two minutes before trying again if engine does not start.


9. Turn the key to the start position for no longer than ten seconds. Release key to run position after engine starts.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Unnecessary engine idling may cause engine damage. Excessive idling can cause engine overheating, carbon build-up, and poor performance.


10. Let engine run at half-speed position for five minutes to allow it to warm up before operating machine.

Stopping the Engine

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Children or bystanders may attempt to move or operate an unattended machine.

Always lock the park brake and remove the key before leaving the machine unattended.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! If engine has been running hard and is hot, do not stop engine immediately. Remove load from engine. Run engine at 1/3 to 1/2 throttle for several minutes to cool engine.


1. Push PTO knob down to the off position.

2. Move the motion control levers to the neutral lock position.

3. Set throttle lever to idle position.

4. Lock park brake.

5. Turn key to stop position.

Emergency Stop

Release motion control levers quickly.

Engaging Mower

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Clear mowing area of all bystanders when operating this machine. Thrown objects could cause serious injury or death.

Keep hands and feet away from blades and discharge opening.

Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.

1. Start engine.


DM2699

2. Move throttle lever (A) to full throttle (B).

3. Unlock park brake.

4. Move both motion control levers to the neutral position.

5. Pull PTO knob (C) up to engage mower deck.

6. Push motion control levers forward slowly. Mow at a safe travel speed.

NOTE: Push PTO knob down to disengage mower deck.

Using the Free-Wheeling Pump Release Valves

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! With the free-wheeling valve open, the machine will have unrestricted motion.

• The machine may free-wheel out of control if the free-wheeling valve is opened with the machine on an incline.

• Park the machine on a level surface before opening the free-wheeling valve.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Transmission damage may occur if the machine is towed or moved incorrectly:

• Move machine by hand only.

• Do not use another vehicle to move machine.

• Do not tow machine.


NOTE: The free-wheeling pump release valves must be turned fully clockwise (closed) during normal vehicle operation.

When the machine needs to be moved without starting the engine, use the free-wheeling pump release valves:

1. Lock the park brake.

2. Lift and secure operator seat platform in the raised position.


DM2035

A - Free-Wheeling Pump Release Valves

3. Loosen the jam nut (B) on each free-wheeling valve using a 17 mm wrench. Use an 10 mm wrench to turn both free-wheeling pump release valves (A) counterclockwise approximately 1/4 turn.

4. Lower seat.

5. Unlock park brake.

6. Push machine to desired location. Due to hydraulic system drag, machine will move slowly.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! The free-wheeling valves can be damaged if overtightened. Use care not to overtighten.


7. To return to service, tighten both free-wheeling valves to 7 N•m (61 lb-in.). Tighten jam nuts to 20 N•m (173 lb.in.).

Using Fuel Shut Off Valve


DM2109

Move the fuel shutoff valve (A) to the open position for normal operation. Move the valve to the off position when the machine is not in use, and during transport

Transporting Machine

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or truck.

Close fuel shut-off valve, if your machine is equipped.

IMPORTANT: Avoid damage! Transmission damage may occur if the machine is moved or towed incorrectly:

• Move unit by hand only.

• Do not use another vehicle to move unit.

• Do not tow unit.


Use a heavy-duty trailer to transport your machine. Trailer must have signs and lights required by law.

1. Set height-of-cut knob to the transport position.

• The transport position is the 127 mm (5 in.) cutting height position.

2. Drive machine onto a trailer.

3. Stop engine and lock park brake.

4. Remove key.

5. Turn fuel shut off to off position, if your machine is equipped.


DM2703


DM2092

Picture Note: Parts have been removed for photo clarity.

6. Fasten machine to trailer with heavy-duty straps, chains, or cables. Both front and rear straps must be directed down and outward from machine as shown.

Mowing Tips

• Mow grass with throttle lever in the full fast position.

• Cut grass when it is dry.

• Keep mower deck and discharge chute clean.

• Mow with sharp blades.

• Properly level mower deck for a smooth cut.

• Mow grass high and often.

• Use a travel speed that fits the conditions:

• Mow tall or wet grass twice. Cut grass at half desired height – then cut at desired height.

• Travel slow when mowing tall, thick or wet grass.

• Avoid damaging grass by slipping or skidding machine drive wheels. Practice smooth control lever movements.

• When performing sharp turns, do not allow inside machine drive wheel to stop and twist on grass.

Mowing Travel Speeds

Use slow travel speeds for:

• Slopes.

• Trimming.

• Close quarters.

• Tall grass.

Use faster travel speeds for:

• Normal mowing on level ground.

Dismounting to Inspect Mower

c CAUTION: Avoid injury! Help prevent serious injury. Keep hands and feet away from blades and the discharge opening.

Do not step on either side of the mower deck when mounting and dismounting the machine. Mount and dismount the machine using the front foot plate.

1. Park machine on a hard, level surface.

2. Push knob down to disengage PTO.

3. Move motion control levers to the neutral lock position.

4. Lock park brake.

5. Stop engine and remove key. Wait for mower blades to stop turning before leaving operator’s seat.